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Economic integration and regional patterns of industry location in transition countries

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  • Laura Resmini

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Abstract

Recent developments in international trade theory predict that increased globalization will be associated with increase locational concentration of particular economic activities, and hence increased specialisation of national and regional economies. Relative little empirical evidence exists on whether these predictions are correct, mainly as far as Central and Eastern Europe is concerned. This paper aims at exploring and analysing the trade-location relationship in five candidate countries, namely Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Romania and Slovenia, during the 1990s. Three empirical evidence will be provided: current trend in spatial development in the face of rapidly increasing trade at national and regional level; factors explaining such patterns and the role played by the economic integration process with the EU in partially or totally shaping such patterns. This paper combines spatial data on GDP, labour force, wages, and other socio-economic indicators included in REGSPEC database to estimate patterns of development at regional level. Particular emphasis will be devoted to understand these patterns in border regions, which may be disproportionately vulnerable to the enlargement process but also have the potential to exploit geographical proximity to their advantage. Several types of border regions can be identified in transition countries. Two groups of them seem to be worth analysing: internal border regions, i.e. those locating along the border with a present or candidate member to the EU, and external border regions, i.e. regions located at the borders of the "enlarged EU".

Suggested Citation

  • Laura Resmini, 2003. "Economic integration and regional patterns of industry location in transition countries," ERSA conference papers ersa03p399, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa03p399
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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa03/cdrom/papers/399.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Vassilis Monastiriotis & Dimitris Kallioras & George Petrakos, 2014. "The regional impact of EU association agreements: lessons for the ENP from the CEE experience," Europe in Question Discussion Paper Series of the London School of Economics (LEQs) 0, London School of Economics / European Institute.
    2. Lefteris Topaloglou & George Petrakos, 2006. "The New Economic Geography of the Northern Greek Border Regions," ERSA conference papers ersa06p456, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Bartlomiej ROKICKI & Mieczyslaw W. SOCHA, 2008. "Effects of Poland's Integration with the EU: Structural Interventions and Economic Development in the Eastern Border Regions," The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies (JCES), The Japanese Society for Comparative Economic Studies (JSCES), vol. 4, pages 81-114, December.
    4. Marcello Signorelli & Enrico Marelli, 2007. "Institutional change, regional features and aggregate performance in eight EU’s transition countries," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica 37/2007, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia.

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