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Regional Patterns of Industry Location in Transition Countries: Does Economic Integration with the European Union Matter?

Listed author(s):
  • Laura Resmini

Resmini L. (2007) Regional patterns of industry location in transition countries: does economic integration with the European Union matter?, Regional Studies 41, 747-764. Recent developments in international trade theory predict that increased globalization will be associated with increased locational concentration of economic activities, and hence increased specialization of national and regional economies. Relatively little empirical evidence exists about whether these predictions are correct, especially as regards Central and Eastern Europe. The paper analyses the interplay between economic integration and industry location in four candidate countries during the 1990s. It demonstrates that economic integration with the European Union has changed industry re-location processes within candidate countries, giving rise to a spatial organization of manufacturing productions which is less inward-oriented and more evenly distributed across regions than it was at the beginning of the transition process. Resmini L. (2007) La distribution regionale de la localisation industrielle dans les pays en voie de transition: l'integration economique a l'Ue, importe-t-il?, Regional Studies 41, 747-764. Les developpements recents dans la theorie du commerce international prevoient que la course a la mondialisation s'associe a la concentration geographique des activites economiques et, par la suite, a la specialisation accrue des economies nationales et regionales. Rares sont les preuves empiriques de la justesse de ces previsions-la, surtout pour ce qui est de l'Europe centrale et orientale. Cet article cherche a analyser l'interaction entre l'integration economique et la localisation industrielle dans quatre pays-candidats pendant les annees 1990. On demontre que l'integration economique a l'Ue a modifie les processus de relocalisation industrielle au sein des pays-candidats, ce qui a entraine une organisation geographique du tissu industriel qui s'avere moins nombriliste et distribuee plus uniformement a travers les regions qu'il ne l'etait au debut de la periode de transition. Localisation industrielle Integration economique Pays en voie de transition Resmini L. (2007) Regionale Muster der industriellen Umsiedelung in U-super-¨bergangslanden: kommt es auf eine wirtschaftliche Integration in die EU an?, Regional Studies 41, 747-764. Die jU-super-¨ngsten Entwicklungen in der Welthandelstheorie haben zur Prognose gefU-super-¨hrt, dass eine erhohte Globalisierung mit einer erhohten lokalen Konzentration der Wirtschaftstatigkeiten einhergehen wird, wodurch sich die Spezialisierung der nationalen und regionalen Wirtschaften erhohen wird. Hinsichtlich der Richtigkeit dieser Prognosen liegen nur relativ wenige empirische Belege vor, insbesondere was Mittel- und Osteuropa anbelangt. In diesem Beitrag werden die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Wirtschaftsintegration und Industriestandort in vier Kandidatenlandern wahrend der neunziger Jahre untersucht. Gezeigt wird, dass die wirtschaftliche Integration in die EU zu einer Veranderung der industriellen Umsiedelungsprozesse in den Kandidatenlandern und zu einer raumlichen Organisation der produzierenden Industrie gefU-super-¨hrt hat, die weniger nach innen orientiert und gleichmassiger U-super-¨ber die Regionen verteilt ist als zu Beginn des U-super-¨bergangsprozesses. Industriestandort Wirtschaftsintegration U-super-¨bergangslander Resmini L. (2007) Modelos regionales de ubicacion industrial en paises de transicion: ¿Es importante la integracion economica en la UE?, Regional Studies 41, 747-764. Los ultimos avances sobre la teoria del comercio internacional vaticinan que una mayor globalizacion estara vinculada a una mayor concentracion de ubicacion de actividades economicas, y por ende ocurrira una aumento en la especializacion de las economias nacionales y regionales. Existen pruebas empiricas relativamente escasas para saber si estas predicciones son correctas, sobre todo en lo que concierne a Europa central y oriental. En este articulo analizo la interaccion entre la integracion economica y la ubicacion industrial en cuatro paises candidatos durante la decada de los noventa. Demuestro que la integracion economica en la UE ha cambiado los procesos de reubicacion de la industria en los paises candidatos, causando la aparicion de una organizacion espacial de produccion manufacturera que esta menos orientada hacia dentro y distribuida mas equilibradamente en las regiones de lo que estaba al principio del proceso de transicion. Ubicacion de la industria Integracion economica Paises de transicion

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 747-764

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:6:p:747-764
DOI: 10.1080/00343400701281741
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