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Inflation Targeting in an Emerging Market: the Case of Korea

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  • Michael S. Hanson

    (Department of Economics, Wesleyan University)

  • Kwanghee Nam

    (School of Economics, Kookmin University, Jeongneung-dong)

Abstract

To evaluate the effectiveness of targeting monetary policy strategies in a small open economy, we develop a dynamic optimizing model calibrated to recent Korean data. We then explore the consequences of alternative specifications of the loss function for society and the central bank, with particular focus on exchange rate volatility. Policy simulations include variations on inflation targeting, nominal income growth targeting and exchange rate targeting. Our results indicate that inflation targeting remains the most preferred policy regime, even when an explicit motive for exchange rate smoothing is introduced. In this case, the optimal inflation targeting and nominal income growth targeting policies are characterized by a “conservative” central bank that places greater weight on both the primary target variable and on the exchange rate than in society’s objective function. However, the optimal policy reacts to changes in degree of exchange rate pass-though in a non-linear fashion, complicating the robustness of inflation targeting recommendations for emerging markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael S. Hanson & Kwanghee Nam, 2005. "Inflation Targeting in an Emerging Market: the Case of Korea," Wesleyan Economics Working Papers 2005-007, Wesleyan University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wes:weswpa:2005-007
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    File URL: http://repec.wesleyan.edu/pdf/mshanson/2005007_hanson.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nadia Saleem, 2010. "Adopting Inflation Targeting in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 15(2), pages 51-76, Jul-Dec.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Korean economy; inflation targeting; optimal monetary policy; small open economy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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