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Strategic approaches to science and technology in development

Author

Listed:
  • Watson, Robert
  • Crawford, Michael
  • Farley, Sara

Abstract

Watson, Crawford, and Farley examine the ways in which science and technology (S&T) support poverty alleviation and economic development and how these themes have been given emphasis or short shrift in various areas of the World Bank's work. Central to their thesis is the now well-established argument that development will increasingly depend on a country's ability to understand, interpret, select, adapt, use, transmit, diffuse, produce, and commercialize scientific and technological knowledge in ways appropriate to its culture, aspirations, and level of development. The authors go beyond this tenet, analyzing the importance of S&T for development within specific sectors. They present policy options for enhancing the effectiveness of S&T systems in developing countries, review previous experience of the World Bank and other donors in supporting S&T, and suggest changes that the World Bank and its partners can adopt to increase the impact of the work currently undertaken in S&T. The authors'main messages are: 1) S&T has always been important for development, but the unprecedented pace of advancement of scientific knowledge is rapidly creating new opportunities for and threats to development. 2) Most developing countries are largely unprepared to deal with the changes that S&T advancement will bring. 3) The World Bank's numerous actions in various domains of S&T could be more effective in producing the needed capacity improvements in client countries. 4) The World Bank could have a greater impact if it paid increased attention to S&T in education, health, rural development, private sector development, and the environment. The strategy emphasizes four S&T policy areas: education and human resources development, the private sector, the public sector, and information communications technologies.

Suggested Citation

  • Watson, Robert & Crawford, Michael & Farley, Sara, 2003. "Strategic approaches to science and technology in development," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3026, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3026
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paarlberg, Robert L., 2000. "Governing the GM crop revolution," 2020 vision briefs 68, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Stephan, Paula E., 2010. "The Economics of Science," Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, Elsevier.
    3. Braga, C.A.P. & Fink, C. & Sepulveda, C.P., 2000. "Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Development," World Bank - Discussion Papers 412, World Bank.
    4. Paul M. Romer, 2001. "Should the Government Subsidize Supply or Demand in the Market for Scientists and Engineers?," NBER Chapters,in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 1, pages 221-252 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Pardey, Philip G. & Alston, Julian M. & Christian, Jason E. & Fan, Shenggen., 1996. "Hidden harvest," Food policy reports 6, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Paarlberg, Robert L., 2000. "Governing the GM crop revolution: policy choices for developing countries," 2020 vision discussion papers 33, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ibrahim Akoum, 2016. "Research, Development and Innovation in Malaysia: Elements of an Effective Growth Model," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 6(7), pages 390-403, July.
    2. World Bank, 2007. "Building Knowledge Economies : Advanced Strategies for Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6853, April.
    3. Ceausescu Ionut, 2013. "Theoretical And Practical Considerations Regarding The Importance Of Investment In Technology And Information In The Process Of Economic Growth," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1, pages 124-127, February.
    4. Alfred Watkins & Michael Ehst, 2008. "Science, Technology, and Innovation : Capacity Building for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6418, April.
    5. Wight, Daniel & Ahikire, Josephine & Kwesiga, Joy C., 2014. "Consultancy research as a barrier to strengthening social science research capacity in Uganda," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 32-40.

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