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Research, Development and Innovation in Malaysia: Elements of an Effective Growth Model


  • Ibrahim Akoum

    (Associate Professor Chairman of financial Studies Department, College of Business Administration, Rafik Hariri University, Lebanon)


The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between research and development activities in Malaysia and the country?s economic growth record. In particular, the paper lays out the changes in the growth model Malaysia adopted to make the transformation from an agriculture-based to a technology-based economy, thereby moving up the value chain. Notwithstanding data sparsity, this paper makes an effort to quantitatively examine the relationship between research and development and innovation activities in Malaysia by running simple linear regressions and multiple regressions to capture the impact of these variables on the GDP per capita variations. The paper notes that Malaysia has managed to achieve significant progress in its development efforts and in transforming its economy from an agrarian-based economy into a more diversified economy with a greater role for knowledge intensive activities, research and development, and innovation. Concluding that R&D and science and technology indicators have been associated with economic development indicators, the study proposes that further research be conducted to gauge the role of public sector intervention as well as the business sector R&D and innovative activities separately, and preferably at the sectoral level, where data would probably be more available than at the national level.

Suggested Citation

  • Ibrahim Akoum, 2016. "Research, Development and Innovation in Malaysia: Elements of an Effective Growth Model," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 6(7), pages 390-403, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:asi:aeafrj:2016:p:390-403

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Hulya Ulku, 2004. "R&D, Innovation, and Economic Growth; An Empirical Analysis," IMF Working Papers 04/185, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rahman, Sarli & Suwitho, Suwitho & Oh, Andi & Purwati, Astri Ayu, 2019. "Commercialization of High-Tech Innovations and Economic Growth in The Worldwide Most Innovative Countries," MPRA Paper 97766, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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