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The Role of Institutions in European Patterns of Work and Retirement


  • Agar Brugiavini

    () (Department of Economics, University Of Venice C� Foscari)

  • Axel B�rsch-Supan

    () (MEA Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging, University of Mannheim)

  • Enrica Croda

    () (Department of Economics, University Of Venice C� Foscari)


This paper uses the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) to investigate the role of pension and social security institutions in shaping the European patterns of work and retirement. We provide evidence on the extent of �unused capacity� in labor force, on pathways to retirement and on the relationship between actual health status and disability take up. We find that institutional differences between countries explain much of the cross-national differences in work and retirement, while differences in health and demographics play only a minor role.

Suggested Citation

  • Agar Brugiavini & Axel B�rsch-Supan & Enrica Croda, 2008. "The Role of Institutions in European Patterns of Work and Retirement," Working Papers 2008_44, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
  • Handle: RePEc:ven:wpaper:2008_44

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Michael D. Hurd & Kathleen McGarry, 2002. "The Predictive Validity of Subjective Probabilities of Survival," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(482), pages 966-985, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alois Guger & Silvia Rocha-Akis, 2016. "Umverteilung durch den Staat in Österreich," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 89(5), pages 329-345, May.
    2. Morris, Zachary A. & Zaidi, Asghar, 2020. "Estimating the extra costs of disability in European countries: Implications for poverty measurement and disability-related decommodification," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 103778, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Heller-Sahlgren, Gabriel, 2017. "Retirement blues," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 66-78.
    4. Marijana Badun, 2017. "Determinants of disability pensions in Croatia: the role of institutions," Public Sector Economics, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 41(1), pages 109-128.
    5. Ulrike Huemer & Kristina Budimir & Rainer Eppel, 2010. "Soziale Sicherungssysteme und Arbeitsmarktperformanz in der EU. Mikroökonometrische Analyse," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 41154, January.
    6. Christine Mayrhuber & Ulrike Huemer & Thomas Horvath & Stefan Schiman, 2016. "Makroökonomische Effekte einer früheren Anhebung des gesetzlichen Pensionsalters für Frauen in Österreich," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 58803, January.
    7. Marianna Virtanen & Tuula Oksanen & G David Batty & Leena Ala-Mursula & Paula Salo & Marko Elovainio & Jaana Pentti & Katinka Lybäck & Jussi Vahtera & Mika Kivimäki, 2014. "Extending Employment beyond the Pensionable Age: A Cohort Study of the Influence of Chronic Diseases, Health Risk Factors, and Working Conditions," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(2), pages 1-8, February.
    8. Ulrike Famira-Mühlberger & Ulrike Huemer & Christine Mayrhuber, 2015. "Die Beschäftigungsquote Älterer im europäischen Vergleich," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 58532, January.
    9. Ulrike Famira-Mühlberger & Ulrike Huemer & Christine Mayrhuber, 2015. "Der Einfluss der sozialen Sicherungssysteme auf die Beschäftigungsquote Älterer in traditionellen Wohlfahrtsstaaten," WIFO Working Papers 499, WIFO.
    10. Alan Barrett & Irene Mosca, 2013. "Increasing the State Pension Age, the Recession and Expected Retirement Ages," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 44(4), pages 447-472.

    More about this item


    Aging; employment; retirement; health; disability; social security institutions; SHARE;

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access

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