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The Relationship Between Income Inequality, Poverty, and Globalization

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  • Almas Heshmati

Abstract

This paper introduces two composite indices of globalization. The first is based on the Kearney/Foreign Policy magazine and the second is obtained from principal component analysis. They indicate the level of globalization and show how globalization has developed over time for different countries. The indices are composed of four components: economic integration, personal contact, technology and political engagement, each generated from a number of indicators.

Suggested Citation

  • Almas Heshmati, 2005. "The Relationship Between Income Inequality, Poverty, and Globalization," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2005-37, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2005-37
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    Cited by:

    1. Naghshpour Shahdad & St. Marie Joseph J., 2009. "Globalization Discontent: The Effects of Globalization on Ethnic Protest," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 14(3), pages 1-29, March.
    2. Bory Seng & Almas Heshmati, 2010. "Digital Divide and its Variations amongst OECD, NIE and ASEAN Countries," TEMEP Discussion Papers 201055, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Feb 2010.
    3. Adams, Samuel, 2008. "Globalization and income inequality: Implications for intellectual property rights," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 725-735.
    4. Akhtar Gul & Fatima Zahra & Anum Iqbal & Tanbila Ghafoor & Musaddiq Hussain, 2020. "Linkage Between Poverty, Inequality, and Income Distribution: A Case on Bannu District, Pakistan," Asian Development Policy Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 8(4), pages 330-339, December.
    5. Abdelkrim Araar & Jean-Yves Duclos, 2007. "Poverty and Inequality Components: a Micro Framework," Cahiers de recherche 0735, CIRPEE.
    6. Adams, Samuel & Klobodu, Edem Kwame Mensah, 2017. "Capital flows and the distribution of income in sub-Saharan Africa," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 169-178.
    7. Robert J. Gordon & Ian Dew-Becker, 2007. "Selected Issues in the Rise of Income Inequality," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 38(2), pages 169-192.
    8. Heshmati, Almas, 2004. "Growth, Inequality and Poverty Relationships," IZA Discussion Papers 1338, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Gordon, Robert J. & Dew-Becker, Ian, 2008. "Controversies about the Rise in American Inequality: A Survey," CEPR Discussion Papers 6817, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Muhammad Shahbaz & Nanthakumar Loganathan & Aviral Tiwari & Reza Sherafatian-Jahromi, 2015. "Financial Development and Income Inequality: Is There Any Financial Kuznets Curve in Iran?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 124(2), pages 357-382, November.
    11. Tausch, Arno, 2011. "Globalization as a driver or bottleneck for sustainable development. General tendencies and European implications," MPRA Paper 33227, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Machiko Nissanke & Erik Thorbecke, 2006. "A Quest for Pro-Poor Globalization," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2006-46, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    13. Bukhari, Mahnoor & Munir, Kashif, 2016. "Impact of Globalization on Income Inequality in Selected Asian Countries," MPRA Paper 74248, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Ahmad, Shakil & Khan, Imran, 2022. "The impact of globalization, foreign direct investment and trade openness on poverty: a case study of Pakistan," Economic Consultant, Roman I. Ostapenko, vol. 37(1), pages 41-60.
    15. Almas Heshmati & Sangchoon Lee, 2010. "The Relationship between Globalization, Economic Growth and Income Inequality," TEMEP Discussion Papers 201051, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Jan 2010.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Econometric models (Economic development); Globalization; Income distribution; Index numbers (Economics); Poverty;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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