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Digital Divide and its Variations amongst OECD, NIE and ASEAN Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Bory Seng
  • Almas Heshmati

    () (Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), Seoul National University)

Abstract

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has developed rapidly in the recent decades. The industrial nations are the derivations of the development and use of new communication technologies. As such today industrial nations have a continuously higher communications technology standard. As a result the digital divide between the developing and industrial nations is large and growing with time. Knowledge is expected to be easily shared across geographical boundaries by using ICT technologies. Thus ICT is a powerful tool providing developing countries with opportunities to meet vital developmental goals such as basic health care, education and governance related reforms. However, many people in developing countries have neither the opportunity nor the necessary skills to use the technology. Therefore, this paper aims at computing parametric and non parametric composite indices of ICT across countries and over time. The indices will help to quantify the countries' status of distribution of communication technologies and the need for basic infrastructure for their development. The focus is on measuring the countries¡¯ readiness to participate in the technological innovations and in utilization of ICT based services and to rank the countries to quantify the overall digital divide and its development.

Suggested Citation

  • Bory Seng & Almas Heshmati, 2010. "Digital Divide and its Variations amongst OECD, NIE and ASEAN Countries," TEMEP Discussion Papers 201055, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Feb 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:snv:dp2009:201055
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
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    3. Hargittai, Eszter, 1999. "Weaving the Western Web: explaining differences in Internet connectivity among OECD countries," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(10-11), pages 701-718, November.
    4. Heshmati, Almas, 2004. "The Relationship between Income Inequality, Poverty and Globalisation," IZA Discussion Papers 1277, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Keith Acheson, 2011. "Globalization," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Cultural Economics, Second Edition, chapter 31 Edward Elgar Publishing.
      • Keith Acheson, 2003. "Globalization," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Cultural Economics, chapter 31 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Paul Green & Jonathan Kim & Frank Carmone, 1990. "A preliminary study of optimal variable weighting in k-means clustering," Journal of Classification, Springer;The Classification Society, vol. 7(2), pages 271-285, September.
    7. Almas Heshmati & Arno Tausch & Chemen S. J. Bajalan, 2008. "Measurement and Analysis of Child Well-Being in Middle and High Income Countries," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 5(2), pages 187-249, December.
    8. Almas Heshmati & Sangchoon Lee, 2010. "The Relationship between Globalization, Economic Growth and Income Inequality," TEMEP Discussion Papers 201051, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Jan 2010.
    9. Heshmati Almas, 2006. "Measurement of a Multidimensional Index of Globalization," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 1-30, May.
    10. Mansell, Robin, 1999. "Information and communication technologies for development: assessing the potential and the risks," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 35-50, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ICT infrastructure; digital divide; indices; principal component; ASEAN; OECD; NIE;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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