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Teacher Certification in Indonesia: A Confusion of Means and Ends

Author

Listed:
  • Mohamad Fahmi

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Achmad maulana

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Arief Anshory Yusuf

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

Abstract

In 2006, Indonesia started implementing a nation-wide program of teacher certification with the aim to certify as many as 2.3 million teachers in 2015 with the budgetary cost of as much as US$460 million. Despite the magnitude and the importance of this program, there has been no quantitative study to evaluate the impact of such program on student’s achievement. In this study, we conducted a teacher survey in the Greater Bandung Area and collected the information on average national exam scores of the students of certified and not-certified teachers. We use two different impact evaluation techniques namely Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and Difference-in-Difference (DD) to evaluate the impact of certification. Both methods suggest that teacher certification has no impact on student’s achievement. The certification program may have improved teacher’s living standard as remuneration increase is an elemental part of it, yet its formally-stated goal to improve the quality of education as should be indicated in better students’ performance may not have been achieved. This program, being the largest in the nation’s history, may have confused means and ends.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamad Fahmi & Achmad maulana & Arief Anshory Yusuf, 2011. "Teacher Certification in Indonesia: A Confusion of Means and Ends," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 201107, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Jul 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:unp:wpaper:201107
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    File URL: http://ceds.feb.unpad.ac.id/wopeds/201107.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2011
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2008. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9787111235767, Fall.
    2. Edwin Leuven & Barbara Sianesi, 2003. "PSMATCH2: Stata module to perform full Mahalanobis and propensity score matching, common support graphing, and covariate imbalance testing," Statistical Software Components S432001, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 01 Feb 2018.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    teacher certification; propensity score matching; impact evaluation; Indonesia;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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