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Currency Hedging Strategies Using Dynamic Multivariate GARCH

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This paper examines the effect on the effectiveness of using futures contracts as hedging instruments of: 1) the model of volatility used to estimate conditional variances and covariances, 2) the analyzed currency, and 3) the maturity of the futures contract being used. For this purpose, daily data of futures and spot exchange rates of three currencies, Euro, British pound and Japanese yen, against the American dollar are used to analyze hedge ratios and hedging effectiveness resulting from using two different maturity currency contracts, near-month and next-to-near-month contract. We estimate four multivariate volatility models (CCC, VARMA-AGARCH, DCC and BEKK) and calculate optimal portfolio weights and optimal hedge ratios to identify appropriate currency hedging strategies. Hedging effectiveness index suggests that the best results in terms of reducing the variance of the portfolio are for the USD/GBP exchange rate. The results show that futures hedging strategies are slightly more effective when the near-month future contract is used for the USD/GBP and USD/JPY currencies. Moreover, CCC and AGARCH models provide similar hedging effectiveness although some differences appear when the DCC and BEKK models are used.

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  • Chia-Lin Chang & Lydia González-Serrano & Juan-Ángel Jiménez-Martín, 2011. "Currency Hedging Strategies Using Dynamic Multivariate GARCH," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 2011-33, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucm:doicae:1133
    Note: The authors are most grateful for the helpful comments and suggestions of participants at the International Conference on Risk Modelling and Management, Madrid, Spain, June 2011, especially to M. McAleer and T. Pérez Amaral. The second author acknowledges the financial support of the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología and Comunidad de Madrid, Spain.
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    Cited by:

    1. David E. Allen & Michael McAleer & Shelton Peiris & Abhay K. Singh, 2016. "Nonlinear Time Series and Neural-Network Models of Exchange Rates between the US Dollar and Major Currencies," Risks, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(1), pages 1-14, March.
    2. Martínez, Beatriz & Torró, Hipòlit, 2018. "Hedging spark spread risk with futures," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 731-746.
    3. Antonakakis, Nikolaos & Cunado, Juncal & Filis, George & Gabauer, David & Perez de Gracia, Fernando, 2018. "Oil volatility, oil and gas firms and portfolio diversification," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 499-515.
    4. repec:col:000107:016034 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Chia-Lin Chang & David E. Allen & Michael McAleer & Ju-Ting Tang & Teodosio Pérez Amaral, 2013. "Risk Modelling and Management: An Overview," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 2013-22, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.
    6. repec:gam:jrisks:v:4:y:2016:i:1:p:7:d:65863 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Massimiliano Caporin & Juan Ángel Jiménez Martín & Lydia González-Serrano, 2013. "Currency hedging strategies, strategic benchmarks and the Global and Euro Sovereign financial crises," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 2013-36, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.
    8. Chia-Lin Chang & Chia-Ping Liu & Michael McAleer, 2016. "Volatility Spillovers for Spot, Futures, and ETF Prices in Energy and Agriculture," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-046/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    9. repec:bdr:ensayo:v:35:y:2017:i:84:p:260-266 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:col:000107:016035 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Andre Assis de Salles, 2013. "An Investigation of Some Hedging Strategies for Crude Oil Market," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 51-59.
    12. Caporin, Massimiliano & Jimenez-Martin, Juan-Angel & Gonzalez-Serrano, Lydia, 2014. "Currency hedging strategies in strategic benchmarks and the global and Euro sovereign financial crises," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 159-177.
    13. Асатуров К.Г. & Теплова Т.В., 2014. "Построение Коэффициентов Хеджирования Для Высоколиквидных Акций Российского Рынка На Основе Моделей Класса Garch," Журнал Экономика и математические методы (ЭММ), Центральный Экономико-Математический Институт (ЦЭМИ), vol. 50(1), pages 37-54, январь.
    14. Chkili, Walid, 2016. "Dynamic correlations and hedging effectiveness between gold and stock markets: Evidence for BRICS countries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 22-34.
    15. Kotkatvuori-Örnberg, Juha, 2016. "Dynamic conditional copula correlation and optimal hedge ratios with currency futures," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 60-69.

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    Keywords

    Multivariate GARCH; conditional correlations; exchange rates; optimal hedge ratio; optimal portfolio weights; hedging strategies.;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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