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Property Tax Delinquency and its Spillover Effects on Nearby Properties

Listed author(s):
  • James Alm

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Tulane University)

  • Jin Man Lee

    ()

    (The Institute for Housing Studies and Department of Economics DePaul University)

  • Zackary Hawley

    ()

    (Department of Economics Texas Christian University)

  • Joshua J. Miller

    ()

    (Department of Housing and Urban Development)

This paper investigates the impact of property tax delinquency on the sales price of nearby residential properties, an effect that we call the "delinquency discount". We use a sample of 34,500 home sales and the population of delinquent properties for Chicago, Illinois during the period 2010 to 2013. We focus on the delinquency discount for properties within the same census block. We also examine the effect of delinquency duration on neighboring properties, as this measures the level of their financial distress. We estimate the magnitude of the delinquency discount using several alternative estimation methods, in each case controlling for local foreclosure activity. Our preferred method is a matching estimator, as it works to eliminate the potential for omitted variable bias that is common in this type of estimation. We find large, negative, and statistically meaningful effects of delinquent properties for which the local government has placed a tax lien and has put the lien up for sale to private investors. For properties with a tax lien that are not successfully sold, we estimate a negative spillover of 5.1 percent ($12,872) on surrounding properties. Properties with a tax lien that are sold to private investors have a smaller, but still negative impact on surrounding property values of 2.5 percent ($6,310).

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File URL: http://econ.tulane.edu/RePEc/pdf/tul1623.pdf
File Function: First Version, December 2016
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Paper provided by Tulane University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 1623.

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Date of creation: Dec 2016
Handle: RePEc:tul:wpaper:1623
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  1. Kai-yan Lee, 2008. "Foreclosure's price-depressing spillover effects on local properties: a literature review," Public and Community Affairs Discussion Papers 2008-1, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  2. Been, Vicki & Ellen, Ingrid Gould & Schwartz, Amy Ellen & Stiefel, Leanna & Weinstein, Meryle, 2011. "Does losing your home mean losing your school?: Effects of foreclosures on the school mobility of children," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 407-414, July.
  3. Daniel P. McMillen, 2012. "Repeat Sales as a Matching Estimator," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 40(4), pages 743-771, December.
  4. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
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  6. Schuetz, Jenny & Been, Vicki & Ellen, Ingrid Gould, 2008. "Neighborhood effects of concentrated mortgage foreclosures," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 306-319, December.
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  8. Spelman, William, 1993. "Abandoned buildings: Magnets for crime?," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 481-495.
  9. Charles Towe & Chad Lawley, 2013. "The Contagion Effect of Neighboring Foreclosures," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 5(2), pages 313-335, May.
  10. Harding, John P. & Rosenblatt, Eric & Yao, Vincent W., 2009. "The contagion effect of foreclosed properties," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 164-178, November.
  11. Robert A. Simons & Roberto G. Quercia & Ivan Maric, 1998. "The Value Impact of New Residential Construction and Neighborhood Disinvestment on Residential Sales Price," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 15(2), pages 147-162.
  12. Marika Cabral & Caroline Hoxby, 2012. "The Hated Property Tax: Salience, Tax Rates, and Tax Revolts," NBER Working Papers 18514, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Hartley, Daniel, 2014. "The effect of foreclosures on nearby housing prices: Supply or dis-amenity?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 108-117.
  14. John Y. Campbell & Stefano Giglio & Parag Pathak, 2011. "Forced Sales and House Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 2108-2131, August.
  15. James Alm & Timothy R. Hodge & Gary Sands & Mark Skidmore, 2015. "Detroit Property Tax Delinquency---Social Contract in Crisis," Working Papers 1508, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  16. Daniel P. McMillen & John F. McDonald, 2002. "Land Values In A Newly Zoned City," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 62-72, February.
  17. Stephan Whitaker & Thomas J. Fitzpatrick, 2012. "The impact of vacant, tax-delinquent, and foreclosed property on sales prices of neighboring homes," Working Paper 1123, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  18. Deng, Yongheng & McMillen, Daniel P. & Sing, Tien Foo, 2012. "Private residential price indices in Singapore: A matching approach," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 485-494.
  19. Joshua J. Miller & Silda Nikaj, 2013. "The Responsiveness of Tax Lien Investors in English Auctions to Matching Rules: Evidence from Illinois," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 43(1), pages 81-96, Summer.
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