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Prevention and precaution

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  • Courbage, Christophe
  • Rey, Béatrice
  • Treich, Nicolas

Abstract

This chapter surveys the economic literature on prevention and precaution. Prevention refers as either a self-protection activity – i.e. a reduction in the probability of a loss – or a self-insurance activity – i.e. a reduction of the loss –. Precaution is defined as a prudent and temporary activity when the risk is imperfectly known. We first present results on prevention, including the effect of risk preferences, wealth and background risks. Second, we discuss how the concept of precaution is strongly linked to the effect of arrival of information over time in sequential models as well as to situations in which there is ambiguity over probability distributions.

Suggested Citation

  • Courbage, Christophe & Rey, Béatrice & Treich, Nicolas, 2013. "Prevention and precaution," TSE Working Papers 13-445, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:27733
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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Gollier & James Hammitt & Nicolas Treich, 2013. "Risk and choice: A research saga," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 47(2), pages 129-145, October.
    2. Takehito Masuda & Eungik Lee, 2019. "Higher order risk attitudes and prevention under different timings of loss," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 22(1), pages 197-215, March.
    3. Hofmann, Annette & Peter, Richard, 2015. "Multivariate prevention decisions: Safe today or sorry tomorrow?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 51-53.
    4. Sarah Bensalem & Nicolás Hernández-Santibáñez & Nabil Kazi-Tani, 2023. "A continuous-time model of self-protection," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 503-537, April.
    5. Dionne, Georges & Harrington, Scott, 2017. "Insurance and Insurance Markets," Working Papers 17-2, HEC Montreal, Canada Research Chair in Risk Management.
    6. Heinzel Christoph & Richard Peter, 2021. "Precautionary motives with multiple instruments," Working Papers SMART 21-09, INRAE UMR SMART.
    7. Meglena Jeleva & Stéphane Rossignol, 2019. "Optimists, Pessimists, and the Precautionary Principle," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 74(1), pages 367-396, September.
    8. Annette Hofmann & Richard Peter, 2016. "Self-Insurance, Self-Protection, and Saving: On Consumption Smoothing and Risk Management," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 83(3), pages 719-734, September.
    9. Georges Dionne, 2013. "Risk Management: History, Definition, and Critique," Risk Management and Insurance Review, American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 16(2), pages 147-166, September.
    10. Mario Menegatti, 2018. "Prudence and Different Kinds of Prevention," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 44(2), pages 273-285, April.
    11. Arnaud Goussebaïle, 2016. "Risk prevention in cities prone to natural hazards," Working Papers hal-01358734, HAL.
    12. Loïc Berger, 2016. "The impact of ambiguity and prudence on prevention decisions," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 80(3), pages 389-409, March.
    13. Lu Li, 2021. "Opening up the black box: Technological transparency and prevention," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 88(3), pages 665-693, September.
    14. Heinzel, Christoph & Peter, Richard, 2023. "Precaution with multiple instruments: The importance of substitution effects," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 207(C), pages 392-412.
    15. Lu Li & Richard Peter, 2021. "Should we do more when we know less? The effect of technology risk on optimal effort," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 88(3), pages 695-725, September.
    16. Christoph Heinzel & Richard Peter, 2021. "Precautionary motives with multiple instruments [Motifs de précaution en cas de multiples instruments]," Working Papers hal-03484875, HAL.
    17. Cécile Aubert & Emmanuelle Augeraud-Véron, 2021. "The relative power of individual distancing efforts and public policies to curb the COVID-19 epidemics," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 16(5), pages 1-21, May.
    18. Heinzel, Christoph & Peter, Richard, 2021. "Precautionary motives with multiple instruments," Working Papers 316521, Institut National de la recherche Agronomique (INRA), Departement Sciences Sociales, Agriculture et Alimentation, Espace et Environnement (SAE2).
    19. Constantin ANGHELACHE & Mario G.R. PAGLIACCI & Emilia STANCIU & Cristina SACALÃ, 2016. "Essential aspects regarding the optimal prevention," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(1), pages 38-42, January.
    20. Sarah Bensalem & Nicolás Hernández Santibáñez & Nabil Kazi-Tani, 2019. "Prevention efforts, insurance demand and price incentives under coherent risk measures," Working Papers hal-01983433, HAL.
    21. Bensalem, Sarah & Santibáñez, Nicolás Hernández & Kazi-Tani, Nabil, 2020. "Prevention efforts, insurance demand and price incentives under coherent risk measures," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 369-386.
    22. Heyen, Daniel & Goeschl, Timo & Wiesenfarth , Boris, 2015. "Risk Assessment under Ambiguity: Precautionary Learning vs. Research Pessimism," Working Papers 0605, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.
    23. Christophe Courbage & Henri Loubergé & Richard Peter, 2017. "Optimal Prevention for Multiple Risks," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 84(3), pages 899-922, September.
    24. Sarah Bensalem & Nicolás Hernández Santibáñez & Nabil Kazi-Tani, 2022. "A Continuous-Time Model of Self-Protection," Working Papers hal-02974961, HAL.

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