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Cognitive traps in individual and organizational behavior: some empirical evidence

Listed author(s):
  • Nicolao Bonini


  • Massimo Egidi


[fre] Cette contribution étudie des modèles comportementaux routiniers collectifs dans des contextes coopératifs. L'action répétitive, le déclenchement automatique, la coordination distribuée et la sous-optimalité constituent des caractéristiques importantes de tels modèles. Quel « degré d'intelligence individuelle » garantit l'émergence et l'efficience de routines collectives ? Quelles sont les relations entre routines organisationnelles, routines individuelles et processus mentaux des agents ? Les réponses à ces questions éclairent les conditions d'apparition de phénomènes de « trappes cognitives » et de « trappes organisationnelles » qui caractérisent parfois l'incapacité de certains agents à s'adapter à un environnement changeant. [eng] To study human routinized behavioral patterns in cooperative contexts is our aim in this paper. Repetitiveness, automatic triggering of the action, distributed coordination and sub-optimality are important features of such patterns. What degree of individual intelligence is required to guarantee the emergence and the efficiency of routinized patterns of collective behaviors ? What is the relation between the routinization as organizational process and the routinization as individual mental process? Answering those questions allows us to explore the links between organizational trap and individual cognitive trap.
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Paper provided by Cognitive and Experimental Economics Laboratory, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia in its series CEEL Working Papers with number 9904.

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Date of creation: 1999
Handle: RePEc:trn:utwpce:9904
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  1. Cohen, Michael D, et al, 1996. "Routines and Other Recurring Action Patterns of Organizations: Contemporary Research Issues," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(3), pages 653-698.
  2. Kahneman, Daniel & Tversky, Amos, 1979. "Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(2), pages 263-291, March.
  3. Massimo Egidi, 1995. "Routines, Hierarchies of Problems, Procedural Behaviour: Some Evidence fom Experiments," CEEL Working Papers 9503, Cognitive and Experimental Economics Laboratory, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia.
  4. Egidi, Massimo & Narduzzo, Alessandro, 1997. "The emergence of path-dependent behaviors in cooperative contexts," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 677-709, October.
  5. George Loewenstein & Richard H Thaler, 2003. "Anomalies: Intertemporal Choice," Levine's Working Paper Archive 618897000000000784, David K. Levine.
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