Cognitive traps in individual and organizational behavior: some empirical evidence
[fre] Cette contribution étudie des modèles comportementaux routiniers collectifs dans des contextes coopératifs. L'action répétitive, le déclenchement automatique, la coordination distribuée et la sous-optimalité constituent des caractéristiques importantes de tels modèles. Quel « degré d'intelligence individuelle » garantit l'émergence et l'efficience de routines collectives ? Quelles sont les relations entre routines organisationnelles, routines individuelles et processus mentaux des agents ? Les réponses à ces questions éclairent les conditions d'apparition de phénomènes de « trappes cognitives » et de « trappes organisationnelles » qui caractérisent parfois l'incapacité de certains agents à s'adapter à un environnement changeant. [eng] To study human routinized behavioral patterns in cooperative contexts is our aim in this paper. Repetitiveness, automatic triggering of the action, distributed coordination and sub-optimality are important features of such patterns. What degree of individual intelligence is required to guarantee the emergence and the efficiency of routinized patterns of collective behaviors ? What is the relation between the routinization as organizational process and the routinization as individual mental process? Answering those questions allows us to explore the links between organizational trap and individual cognitive trap.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
|Date of creation:||1999|
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