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Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Score-Driven Models

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco Blasques

    (VU University Amsterdam)

  • Siem Jan Koopman

    (VU University Amsterdam)

  • Andre Lucas

    (VU University Amsterdam)

Abstract

We establish the strong consistency and asymptotic normality of the maximum likelihood estimator for time-varying parameter models driven by the score of the predictive likelihood function. We formulate primitive conditions for global identification, invertibility, strong consistency, and asymptotic normality under both correct specification and mis-specification of the model. A detailed illustration is provided for a conditional volatility model with disturbances from the Student's t distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Blasques & Siem Jan Koopman & Andre Lucas, 2014. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Score-Driven Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-029/III, Tinbergen Institute, revised 23 Oct 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20140029
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    File URL: https://papers.tinbergen.nl/14029.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harvey,Andrew C., 2013. "Dynamic Models for Volatility and Heavy Tails," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107630024, December.
    2. Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas & Marcel Scharth, 2016. "Predicting Time-Varying Parameters with Parameter-Driven and Observation-Driven Models," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 98(1), pages 97-110, March.
    3. Robert Engle, 2002. "New frontiers for arch models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(5), pages 425-446.
    4. Andrew Harvey & Alessandra Luati, 2014. "Filtering With Heavy Tails," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 109(507), pages 1112-1122, September.
    5. Vasicek, Oldrich, 1977. "An equilibrium characterization of the term structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 177-188, November.
    6. Robert F. Engle & Jeffrey R. Russell, 1998. "Autoregressive Conditional Duration: A New Model for Irregularly Spaced Transaction Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1127-1162, September.
    7. Vasicek, Oldrich Alfonso, 1977. "Abstract: An Equilibrium Characterization of the Term Structure," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(4), pages 627-627, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Leopoldo Catania & Nima Nonejad, 2016. "Density Forecasts and the Leverage Effect: Some Evidence from Observation and Parameter-Driven Volatility Models," Papers 1605.00230, arXiv.org, revised Nov 2016.
    2. Francisco Blasques & Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas, 2014. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation for correctly Specified Generalized Autoregressive Score Models: Feedback Effects, Contraction Conditions and Asymptotic Properties," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-074/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Tata Subba Rao & Granville Tunnicliffe Wilson & Andrew Harvey & Rutger-Jan Lange, 2017. "Volatility Modeling with a Generalized t Distribution," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(2), pages 175-190, March.
    4. Francisco Blasques & Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas, 2014. "Information Theoretic Optimality of Observation Driven Time Series Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-046/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Drew Creal & Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas & Marcin Zamojski, 2015. "Generalized Autoregressive Method of Moments," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-138/III, Tinbergen Institute, revised 06 Jul 2018.
    6. Andrew Harvey & Ryoko Ito, 2017. "Modeling time series with zero observations," Economics Papers 2017-W01, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    7. Mauro Bernardi & Leopoldo Catania, 2015. "Switching-GAS Copula Models With Application to Systemic Risk," Papers 1504.03733, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2016.
    8. F Blasques & P Gorgi & S Koopman & O Wintenberger, 2016. "Feasible Invertibility Conditions for Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Observation-Driven Models ," Working Papers hal-01377971, HAL.
    9. Leopoldo Catania & Anna Gloria Billé, 2017. "Dynamic spatial autoregressive models with autoregressive and heteroskedastic disturbances," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(6), pages 1178-1196, September.
    10. André Lucas & Bernd Schwaab & Xin Zhang, 2017. "Modeling Financial Sector Joint Tail Risk in the Euro Area," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(1), pages 171-191, January.
    11. Blasques, Francisco & Koopman, Siem Jan & Lucas, Andre & Schaumburg, Julia, 2016. "Spillover dynamics for systemic risk measurement using spatial financial time series models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 195(2), pages 211-223.
    12. Ryoko Ito, 2016. "Asymptotic Theory for Beta-t-GARCH," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1607, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    13. Blasques, Francisco & Ji, Jiangyu & Lucas, André, 2016. "Semiparametric score driven volatility models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 58-69.
    14. Andrew Harvey & Rutger-Jan Lange, 2015. "Modeling the Interactions between Volatility and Returns," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1518, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    15. Francisco Blasques & Siem Jan Koopman & Max Mallee, 2014. "Low Frequency and Weighted Likelihood Solutions for Mixed Frequency Dynamic Factor Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-105/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    16. Francisco Blasques & Paolo Gorgi & Siem Jan Koopman & Olivier Wintenberger, 2016. "Feasible Invertibility Conditions and Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Observation-Driven Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-082/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    17. Trucíos, Carlos, 2019. "Forecasting Bitcoin risk measures: A robust approach," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 836-847.
    18. David Ardia & Kris Boudt & Leopoldo Catania, 2016. "Generalized Autoregressive Score Models in R: The GAS Package," Papers 1609.02354, arXiv.org.
    19. Marco Bazzi & Francisco Blasques & Siem Jan Koopman & Andre Lucas, 2017. "Time-Varying Transition Probabilities for Markov Regime Switching Models," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(3), pages 458-478, May.
    20. Francisco Blasques & Siem Jan Koopman & André Lucas, 2014. "Optimal Formulations for Nonlinear Autoregressive Processes," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-103/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    21. Andre Lucas & Bernd Schwaab & Xin Zhang, 2013. "Measuring Credit Risk in a Large Banking System: Econometric Modeling and Empirics," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-063/IV/DSF56, Tinbergen Institute, revised 13 Oct 2014.
    22. Pawel Janus & André Lucas & Anne Opschoor & Dick J.C. van Dijk, 2014. "New HEAVY Models for Fat-Tailed Returns and Realized Covariance Kernels," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-073/IV, Tinbergen Institute, revised 19 Aug 2015.
    23. Blasques, F. & Koopman, S.J. & Mallee, M. & Zhang, Z., 2016. "Weighted maximum likelihood for dynamic factor analysis and forecasting with mixed frequency data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 193(2), pages 405-417.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    score-driven models; time-varying parameters; Markov processes; stationarity; invertibility; consistency; asymptotic normality;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General

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