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Information-theoretic optimality of observation-driven time series models for continuous responses


  • F. Blasques
  • S. J. Koopman
  • A. Lucas


We investigate information-theoretic optimality properties of the score function of the predictive likelihood as a device for updating a real-valued time-varying parameter in a univariate observation-driven model with continuous responses. We restrict our attention to models with updates of one lag order. The results provide theoretical justification for a class of score-driven models which includes the generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity model as a special case. Our main contribution is to show that only parameter updates based on the score will always reduce the local Kullback–Leibler divergence between the true conditional density and the model-implied conditional density. This result holds irrespective of the severity of model misspecification. We also show that use of the score leads to a considerably smaller global Kullback–Leibler divergence in empirically relevant settings. We illustrate the theory with an application to time-varying volatility models. We show that the reduction in Kullback–Leibler divergence across a range of different settings can be substantial compared to updates based on, for example, squared lagged observations.

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  • F. Blasques & S. J. Koopman & A. Lucas, 2015. "Information-theoretic optimality of observation-driven time series models for continuous responses," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 102(2), pages 325-343.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:biomet:v:102:y:2015:i:2:p:325-343.

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Durbin, James & Koopman, Siem Jan, 2012. "Time Series Analysis by State Space Methods," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 2, number 9780199641178.
    2. Shephard, Neil (ed.), 2005. "Stochastic Volatility: Selected Readings," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199257201.
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