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The structure and resilience of the European interbank market

Author

Listed:
  • Ivan Alves
  • Stijn Ferrari
  • Pietro Franchini
  • Jean-Cyprien Heam
  • Pavol Jurca
  • Sam Langfield
  • Sebastiano Laviola
  • Franka Liedorp
  • Antonio Sánchez
  • Santiago Tavolaro
  • Guillaume Vuillemey

Abstract

Financial institutions are connected to each other by a series of bilateral transactions. In normal times, institutions’ connections may result in efficient risk transfer. But in crises, connections can facilitate contagion – as initial problems lead to chains of defaults and liquidity shortages – sparked by shocks which might arise within the financial system or from the real economy. Institutions are also interconnected in indirect ways, since they are exposed to common risk factors that can result in concurrent losses. For example, most banks extend loans secured by real estate: they are thus collectively exposed to falls in house prices. Resulting bank distress can then exacerbate initial problems: banks might simultaneously sell collateral (houses), thus worsening downward price spirals. Less tangibly, institutions can also be connected through perceptions of counterparties’ creditworthiness. Given uncertainty, financial institutions may in general become reluctant to lend to each other and hoard liquidity. Potential for contagion due to interconnectedness is a key component of systemic risk. As a first step towards understanding the mechanisms of contagion, this paper abstracts from complex indirect connections between banks, and rather focuses on direct linkages between 53 large EU banks, based on unique data on interbank exposures collected by national regulators as of the end of 2011. JEL Classification: G01, E58, G21

Suggested Citation

  • Ivan Alves & Stijn Ferrari & Pietro Franchini & Jean-Cyprien Heam & Pavol Jurca & Sam Langfield & Sebastiano Laviola & Franka Liedorp & Antonio Sánchez & Santiago Tavolaro & Guillaume Vuillemey, 2013. "The structure and resilience of the European interbank market," ESRB Occasional Paper Series 03, European Systemic Risk Board.
  • Handle: RePEc:srk:srkops:201303
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    1. Aldasoro, Iñaki & Alves, Iván, 2018. "Multiplex interbank networks and systemic importance: An application to European data," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 17-37.
    2. Jean-Cyprien Héam, 2014. "How to Measure Interconnectedness," EIOPA Financial Stability Report - Thematic Articles 3, EIOPA, Risks and Financial Stability Department.
    3. Cohen-Cole, Ethan & Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2015. "Static and dynamic networks in interbank markets," Network Science, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 98-123, March.
    4. G. Hauton & J.-C. Héam, 2014. "How to Measure Interconnectedness between Banks, Insurers and Financial Conglomerates?," Débats économiques et financiers 15, Banque de France.
    5. Aldasoro, Iñaki & Delli Gatti, Domenico & Faia, Ester, 2017. "Bank networks: Contagion, systemic risk and prudential policy," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 164-188.
    6. Gerardo Ferrara & Sam Langfield & Zijun Liu & Tomohiro Ota, 2019. "Systemic illiquidity in the interbank network," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(11), pages 1779-1795, November.
    7. Sam Langfield & Kimmo Soramäki, 2016. "Interbank Exposure Networks," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 47(1), pages 3-17, January.
    8. Kanno, Masayasu, 2020. "Interconnectedness and systemic risk in the US CDS market," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    9. Konstantin Kosenko & Noam Michelson, 2018. "It Takes More than Two to Tango: Understanding the Dynamics behind Multiple Bank Lending and its Implications," Bank of Israel Working Papers 2018.11, Bank of Israel.
    10. Hüser, Anne-Caroline, 2016. "Too interconnected to fail: A survey of the Interbank Networks literature," SAFE Working Paper Series 91, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    11. Josef Brechler & Vaclav Hausenblas & Zlatuse Komarkova & Miroslav Plasil, 2014. "Similarity and Clustering of Banks: Application to the Credit Exposures of the Czech Banking Sector," Research and Policy Notes 2014/04, Czech National Bank.
    12. Leventides, John & Loukaki, Kalliopi & Papavassiliou, Vassilios G., 2019. "Simulating financial contagion dynamics in random interbank networks," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 158(C), pages 500-525.
    13. Langfield, Sam & Liu, Zijun & Ota, Tomohiro, 2014. "Mapping the UK interbank system," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 288-303.
    14. Bluhm, Marcel, 2018. "Persistent liquidity shocks and interbank funding," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 246-262.
    15. Billio, Monica & Caporin, Massimiliano & Panzica, Roberto Calogero & Pelizzon, Loriana, 2017. "The impact of network connectivity on factor exposures, asset pricing and portfolio diversification," SAFE Working Paper Series 166, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    16. Olivier de Bandt & Jean-Cyprien Héam & Claire Labonne & Santiago Tavolaro, 2015. "La mesure du risque systémique après la crise financière," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 66(3), pages 481-500.
    17. Paolo Bartesaghi & Michele Benzi & Gian Paolo Clemente & Rosanna Grassi & Ernesto Estrada, 2019. "Risk-dependent centrality in economic and financial networks," Papers 1907.07908, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2020.
    18. Hauton, G. & Héam, J.-C., 2015. "How to measure interconnectedness between banks, insurers and financial conglomerates?," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 04, March..
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    20. Tijmen Daniëls & Patty Duijm & Franka Liedorp & Dimitris Mokas, 2017. "A top-down stress testing framework for the Dutch banking sector," DNB Occasional Studies 1503, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
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    22. Amzallag, Adrien & Blau, Maximilian L., 2017. "Tracing European structured finance counterparty networks," Occasional Paper Series 199, European Central Bank.
    23. Masayasu Kanno, 2018. "Bank–insurer–firm tripartite interconnectedness of credit risk exposures in a cross-shareholding network," Risk Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 20(4), pages 273-303, November.
    24. Kanno, Masayasu, 2020. "Credit risk assessment in real estate investment trusts: A perspective on blockholding and lending networks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    interbank market; resilience; structure; contagion;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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