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Efficacité de la politique économique et position dans le cycle : le cas de la défiscalisation des heures supplémentaires en France

Author

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  • Eric Heyer

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

La situation conjoncturelle de l’ensemble des grands pays développés a fortement évolué au cours de la période 2007-2010. Or de nombreuses mesures de politique économique ont été maintenues. C’est le cas notamment de la défiscalisation des heures supplémentaires et son exonération de cotisations sociales, mesure centrale dans le dispositif du gouvernement français. Dans ce travail nous proposons des simulations de ce dispositif en fonction de la conjoncture dans laquelle celui-ci est mis en place. D’après nos simulations, une telle mesure apparaît pro cyclique et donc mal adaptée à la situation actuelle de l’économie française. Par ailleurs, notons que même dans le cas d’une bonne conjoncture, ce dispositif ne serait pas financé. Sans financement, cette mesure viendrait creuser le déficit public et s’apparenterait à une relance budgétaire. Son financement par une hausse des prélèvements en changerait radicalement la nature.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Heyer, 2010. "Efficacité de la politique économique et position dans le cycle : le cas de la défiscalisation des heures supplémentaires en France," Sciences Po publications 2010-26, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61ql8ubo
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Eric Heyer, 2011. "The effectiveness of economic policy and position in the cycle: the case of tax reductions on overtime in France," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(2), pages 364-379.
    2. Mireille Elbaum, 2011. "Le financement de la protection sociale : quelles perspectives au-delà des solutions miracles," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2011-27, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Modèle macroéconométrique; cycle économique; NAIRU; courbe de Phillips; hystérésis;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies

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