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Nuevas estimaciones de la NAIRU de la economía española: métodos directos

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  • GÓMEZ GARCÍA, F.
  • REBOLLO SANZ, Y.
  • USABIAGA IBÁÑEZ, C.

    () (*Departamento de Economía y Empresa. Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales. Universidad Pablo de Olavide)

Abstract

En este trabajo proporcionamos diversas estimaciones de la NAIRU de la economía española para el período 1976-2000. Así, confrontamos los resultados que se obtienen para la economía española aplicando una batería de métodos directos (métodos basados en la curva de Phillips ampliada) bastante habituales en la literatura internacional de los últimos años. Entre otras cuestiones, prestamos atención a la robustez e imprecisión de estas estimaciones, a la causalidad en esta área y al fenómeno de histéresis en el desempleo. Aparte de encontrar evidencia de causalidad desde las desviaciones del desempleo observado respecto a las NAIRUs estimadas hacia la inflación, y de histéresis en el desempleo, nuestro análisis concluye que es necesario un esfuerzo de investigación adicional en esta área si deseamos seguir aplicando estos métodos a la economía española, por los problemas de falta de robustez y notable imprecisión detectados. In this article different NAIRU estimates for the Spanish economy in the period 1976-2000 are offered. The results obtained from the application of different direct methods (methods based on an extended Phillips curve) frequently used in the international literature in recent years are compared. Among other aspects, we pay attention to the robustness and precision of these estimates, to causality in this area and to the phenomenon of hysteresis in unemployment. Our results show that, although we find evidence of causality from the difference between observed unemployment and the NAIRU estimates to inflation, it is necessary an additional research effort in this area if we wish to continue applying this kind of methods for the Spanish economy, because we have detected problems of lack of robustness and precision. We have also found evidence of hysteresis in unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Gómez García, F. & Rebollo Sanz, Y. & Usabiaga Ibáñez, C., 2002. "Nuevas estimaciones de la NAIRU de la economía española: métodos directos," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 20, pages 509-530, Diciembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:lrk:eeaart:20_3_8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert J. Gordon, 1997. "The Time-Varying NAIRU and Its Implications for Economic Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(1), pages 11-32, Winter.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dionisio Ramirez & Gabriel Rodr¨ªguez, 2014. "Do Labor Reforms in Spain Have an Effect on the Equilibrium Unemployment Rate?," International Journal of Social Science Studies, Redfame publishing, vol. 2(1), pages 105-120, January.
    2. José Francisco Bellod Redondo, 2007. "La Curva De Phillips Y La Crítica De Friedman," Contribuciones a la Economía, Grupo Eumed.net (Universidad de Málaga), issue 2007-12, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Phillips Curve; NAIRU; Hysteresis; Hodrick-Prescott Filter; Kalman Filter.;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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