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Assessing the Impact of the Financial Crisis on Structural Unemployment in OECD Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Stéphanie Guichard

    (OECD)

  • Elena Rusticelli

    (OECD)

Abstract

The global recession is likely to results in higher structural unemployment for some time in many OECD countries. This paper assesses how the shock to aggregate unemployment as a result of the economic crisis may be transmitted to structural unemployment through hysteresis effects that occur through the rise in long-term unemployment. The estimated increase in structural unemployment due to the crisis is estimated at ¾ percentage point in the OECD as a whole, but the paper highlights wide cross-country differences with the largest increases expected in those European countries where unemployment is increasing most and where institutional settings remain less favorable than elsewhere, notably Spain and Ireland. Évaluation de l'impact de la crise financière sur le chômage structurel dans les pays de l'OCDE La recession mondiale est susceptible d.entrainer un chomage structurel plus eleve pendant un certain temps dans de nombreux pays de l'OCDE. Ce document examine comment le choc sur le chomage global resultant de la crise economique peut etre transmis au chomage structurel par des effets d.hysteresis qui se produisent via la montee du chomage de longue duree. L'augmentation estimee de chomage structurel resultant de la crise est estimee a 3/4 de point de pourcentage pour l'OCDE dans son ensemble, mais cette etude souligne les differences importantes entre pays, avec notamment les plus grandes augmentations attendues dans les pays europeens ou l'environnement institutionnel demeure moins favorable qu'ailleurs, notamment l'Espagne et l'Irlande.

Suggested Citation

  • Stéphanie Guichard & Elena Rusticelli, 2010. "Assessing the Impact of the Financial Crisis on Structural Unemployment in OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 767, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:767-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kmftp8khfjg-en
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    Cited by:

    1. Douglas Sutherland & Peter Hoeller & Balázs Égert & Oliver Röhn, 2010. "Counter-cyclical Economic Policy," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 760, OECD Publishing.
    2. William R. White, 2010. "Commentary: after the fall," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 61-75.
    3. Eric Heyer, 2011. "The effectiveness of economic policy and position in the cycle: the case of tax reductions on overtime in France," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(2), pages 364-379.
    4. Eric Heyer, 2010. "Efficacité de la politique économique et position dans le cycle: le cas de la défiscalisation des heures supplémentaires en France," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2010-26, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    5. repec:eee:quaeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Torben M. Andersen & Jonas Maibom & Michael Svarer & Allan Sørensen, 2017. "Do Business Cycles Have Long-Term Impact for Particular Cohorts?," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 31(3), pages 309-336, September.
    7. Junankar, Pramod N. (Raja), 2011. "The Global Economic Crisis: Long-Term Unemployment in the OECD," IZA Discussion Papers 6057, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Jose Ignacio García Pérez & Victoria Osuna, 2011. "The effects of introducing a single open-ended contract in the Spanish labour market," Working Papers 11.07, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
    9. Igor Lebrun, 2011. "Working Paper 08-11 - What has been the damage of the financial crisis to Belgian GDP? An assessment based on the FPB’s medium-term outlook," Working Papers 1108, Federal Planning Bureau, Belgium.
    10. Bernal-Verdugo, Lorenzo E. & Furceri, Davide & Guillaume, Dominique, 2013. "Banking crises, labor reforms, and unemployment," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 1202-1219.
    11. Nicholas Crafts & Peter Fearon, 2010. "Lessons from the 1930s Great Depression," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(3), pages 285-317, Autumn.
    12. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61ql8ubo is not listed on IDEAS
    13. OECD & Elena Rusticelli, 2014. "Rescuing the Phillips curve: Making use of long-term unemployment in the measurement of the NAIRU," OECD Journal: Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2014(1), pages 109-127.
    14. repec:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:306-317 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Bjarni G. Einarsson & Jósef Sigurdsson, 2013. "How "Natural" is the Natural Rate? Unemployment Hysteresis in Iceland," Economics wp64, Department of Economics, Central bank of Iceland.
    16. Jérôme Creel & Éric Heyer & Mathieu Plane, 2011. "Petit précis de politique budgétaire par tous les temps. Les multiplicateurs budgétaires au cours du cycle," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 61-88.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    chômage; chômage de longue durée; courbe de Phillips; hysteresis; hystérésis; institutions; institutions; long-term unemployment; NAIRU; NAIRU; Phillips curve; unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • J58 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Public Policy
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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