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Identification Robust Confidence Sets Methods for Inference on Parameter Ratios and their Application to Estimating Value-of-Time

  • Denis Bolduc
  • Lynda Khalaf
  • Clément Yélou

The problem of constructing confidence set estimates for parameter ratios arises in a variety of econometrics contexts; these include value-of-time estimation in transportation research and inference on elasticities given several model specifications. Even when the model under consideration is identifiable, parameter ratios involve a possibly discontinuous parameter transformation that becomes ill-behaved as the denominator parameter approaches zero. More precisely, the parameter ratio is not identified over the whole parameter space: it is locally almost unidentified or (equivalently) weakly identified over a subset of the parameter space. It is well known that such situations can strongly affect the distributions of estimators and test statistics, leading to the failure of standard asymptotic approximations, as shown by Dufour. Here, we provide explicit solutions for projection-based simultaneous confidence sets for ratios of parameters when the joint confidence set is obtained through a generalized Fieller approach. A simulation study for a ratio of slope parameters in a simple binary probit model shows that the coverage rate of the Fieller's confidence interval is immune to weak identification whereas the confidence interval based on the delta-method performs poorly, even when the sample size is large. The procedures are examined in illustrative empirical models, with a focus on choice models

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Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 with number 48.

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Date of creation: 11 Nov 2005
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Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf5:48
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  1. Jean-Marie Dufour, 2003. "Identification, Weak Instruments and Statistical Inference in Econometrics," CIRANO Working Papers 2003s-49, CIRANO.
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  8. Jean-Marie Dufour & Mohamed Taamouti, 2003. "Projection-Based Statistical Inference in Linear Structural Models with Possibly Weak Instruments," CIRANO Working Papers 2003s-39, CIRANO.
  9. Dufour, J.-M., 1986. "Nonlinear hypotheses, inequality restrictions and non-nested hypotheses: Exact simultaneous tests in linear regressions," CORE Discussion Papers 1986016, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  10. DUFOUR, Jean-Marie, 2003. "Identification, Weak Instruments and Statistical Inference in Econometrics," Cahiers de recherche 10-2003, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  11. James H. Stock & Motohiro Yogo, 2002. "Testing for Weak Instruments in Linear IV Regression," NBER Technical Working Papers 0284, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  15. Daniel McFadden, 1987. "A Method of Simulated Moments for Estimation of Discrete Response Models Without Numerical Integration," Working papers 464, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  16. Jean-Marie Dufour, 1997. "Some Impossibility Theorems in Econometrics with Applications to Structural and Dynamic Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(6), pages 1365-1388, November.
  17. Stock, James H & Wright, Jonathan H & Yogo, Motohiro, 2002. "A Survey of Weak Instruments and Weak Identification in Generalized Method of Moments," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(4), pages 518-29, October.
  18. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1999. "The Size Distortion Of Bootstrap Tests," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(03), pages 361-376, June.
  19. Bolduc, D., 1990. "Autoregressive Alternatives in the Multinomial Probit Model," Papers 9013, Laval - Recherche en Energie.
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