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Strain and Inflation-Unemployment Relationship: A conceptual and empirical investigation

  • Daianu, Daniel
  • Albu, Lucian Liviu

Economic theory tells that a command system allocates resources poorly because of the impossibility of economic calculation. Therefore, once prices are freed and start to operate at quasi-equilibrium (market-clearing) levels, the hidden inefficiencies come into the open and a massive resource reallocation would have to take place. More precisely, the issue refers to the possible and probable intensity of resource reallocation in view of constraints like the balance between exit and entry in the labour market, the size of the budget deficit and the means for its non-inflationary financing, social and political stability, etc. This paper makes an attempt to conceptualise the emergence of strain emerges an economic system when relative prices change dramatically, and explores what can be implications for stabilisation policy. The start is made with the closed economy, after which the open economy case is looked at, and a possible formalised expression of strain is suggested, The distributional struggle, as a consequence of resource reallocation, is highlighted. Some modelling and empirical analysis help in substantiating the main thesis. it is contented that the line of reasoning espoused herein can help in developing an economic explanation of shocks in economic systems.

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Paper provided by Institute for Economic Forecasting in its series Working Papers of Institute for Economic Forecasting with number 081201.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rjr:wpiecf:081201
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  1. Sachs, J.D. & Woo, W.T., 1994. "Structural Factors in the Economic Reforms of China, Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union," Papers 94-01, California Davis - Institute of Governmental Affairs.
  2. Daniel Daianu, 1994. "Inter-Enterprise Arrears in a Post-Command Economy; Thoughts From a Romanian Perspective," IMF Working Papers 94/54, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Vito Tanzi, 1993. "Fiscal Policy and the Economic Restructuring of Economies in Transition," IMF Working Papers 93/22, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Albu, Lucian-Liviu & Ivan-Ungureanu, Clementina, 1994. "Coût ou bénéfice de la transition
    [Cost or benefit of the transition]
    ," MPRA Paper 14118, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Richard Portes, 1986. "The Theory and Measurement of Macroeconomic Disequilibrium in Centrally Planned Economies," NBER Working Papers 1875, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Eric V. Clifton & Mohsin S. Khan, 1993. "Interenterprise Arrears in Transforming Economies: The Case of Romania," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 40(3), pages 680-696, September.
  7. Guillermo Calvo & Fabrizio Coricelli, 1992. "Output Collapse in Eastern Europe; The Role of Credit," IMF Working Papers 92/64, International Monetary Fund.
  8. repec:imf:imfpdp:9309 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Ickes, B.W. & Ryterman, R., 1992. "Inter-Enterprise Arrears and Financial Underdevelopment in Russia," Papers 9-92-6, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
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