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Investor Valuations of Japan's Adoption of a Territorial Tax Regime: Quantifying the Direct and Competitive Effects of International Tax Reform

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  • Bradley, Sebastien

    (Drexel University)

  • Dauchy, Estelle

    (New Economics School)

  • Hasegawa, Makoto

    (National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies)

Abstract

Despite an extensive literature on the normative implications of different international tax regimes and an empirical literature addressing individual specific predictions, there exists little evidence encompassing the broad range of effects of taxing corporations' foreign-source income on a worldwide or territorial basis. This paper takes a more comprehensive quantitative approach by examining stock market reactions surrounding three events over the course of which Japan's 2009 adoption of a dividend exemption system was developed into proposed law. Using an event study methodology which leverages individual firm characteristics and accounts for contemporaneous financial market developments, we find that Japanese firms with less foreign exposure and fewer opportunities for tax avoidance experienced relatively larger abnormal returns, while differences in firms' foreign and domestic effective tax rates accounted for an aggregate capitalization effect of ¥4.1 trillion. We attribute these gains to a combination of enhanced opportunities for international expansion among smaller domestic firms, direct tax savings on official estimates of existing undistributed foreign earnings, and general cultural biases against tax planning in an environment of largely unchanged anti-abuse provisions. Spillover effects in the U.S. and German markets (through tax competition or firm competitiveness) appear insignificant.

Suggested Citation

  • Bradley, Sebastien & Dauchy, Estelle & Hasegawa, Makoto, 2013. "Investor Valuations of Japan's Adoption of a Territorial Tax Regime: Quantifying the Direct and Competitive Effects of International Tax Reform," School of Economics Working Paper Series 2013-2, LeBow College of Business, Drexel University, revised 15 Sep 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:drxlwp:2013_002
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    Cited by:

    1. Hasegawa, Makoto & Kiyota, Kozo, 2017. "The effect of moving to a territorial tax system on profit repatriation: Evidence from Japan," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 92-110.
    2. Makoto Hasegawa, 2023. "Territorial Tax Reform and Profit Shifting by US and Japanese Multinationals," National Tax Journal, University of Chicago Press, vol. 76(4), pages 771-804.
    3. Makoto HASEGAWA & Michi KAKEBAYASHI, 2023. "The Effect of Foreign Dividend Exemption on Profit Repatriation through Dividends, Royalties, and Interest: Evidence from Japan," Discussion papers e-20-004, Graduate School of Economics , Kyoto University.
    4. Yanxin Liu & Huajiao Li & Jianhe Guan & Xueyong Liu & Yajie Qi, 2019. "The role of the world’s major steel markets in price spillover networks: an analysis based on complex network motifs," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 14(4), pages 697-720, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International tax reform; Japanese dividend exemption; territorial taxation; multinational tax avoidance; tax competition; event study;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
    • K34 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Tax Law

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