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Diversification When It Hurts? The Joint Distributions of Real Estate and Equity Markets

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  • John Knight
  • Colin Lizieri

    () (Department of Real Estate & Planning, University of Reading)

  • Stephen Satchell

Abstract

Much of the literature on the construction of mixed asset portfolios and the case for property as a risk diversifier rests on correlations measured over the whole of a given time series. Recent developments in finance, however, focuses on dependence in the tails of the distribution. Does property offer diversification from equity markets when it is most needed - when equity returns are poor. The paper uses an empirical copula approach to test tail dependence between property and equity for the UK and for a global portfolio. Results show strong tail dependence: in the UK, the dependence in the lower tail is stronger than in the upper tail, casting doubt on the defensive properties of real estate stocks.

Suggested Citation

  • John Knight & Colin Lizieri & Stephen Satchell, 2005. "Diversification When It Hurts? The Joint Distributions of Real Estate and Equity Markets," Real Estate & Planning Working Papers rep-wp2005-16, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  • Handle: RePEc:rdg:repxwp:rep-wp2005-16
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    File URL: http://www.henley.reading.ac.uk/rep/fulltxt/1605.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Colin Lizieri & Stephen Satchell & Qi Zhang, 2007. "The Underlying Return‐Generating Factors for REIT Returns: An Application of Independent Component Analysis," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 35(4), pages 569-598, December.
    2. I. Medovikov S. & И. Медовиков С., 2019. "Могут ли фондовые аналитики предсказать рыночный риск? Новые сведения из теории копулы // Can Stock Analysts Predict Market Risk? New Evidence from Copula Theory," Финансы: теория и практика/Finance: Theory and Practice // Finance: Theory and Practice, ФГОБУВО Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 23(1), pages 38-48.
    3. Syed Abul, Basher & Salem, Nechi & Hui, Zhu, 2014. "Dependence patterns across Gulf Arab stock markets: a copula approach," MPRA Paper 56566, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Shi Yafeng & Tao Xiangxing & Shi Yanlong & Zhu Nenghui & Ying Tingting & Peng Xun, 2020. "Can Technical Indicators Provide Information for Future Volatility: International Evidence," Journal of Systems Science and Information, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 53-66, February.
    5. Medovikov, Ivan, 2016. "When does the stock market listen to economic news? New evidence from copulas and news wires," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 27-40.
    6. Martin Hoesli & Kustrim Reka, 2013. "Volatility Spillovers, Comovements and Contagion in Securitized Real Estate Markets," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 1-35, July.
    7. Jamie Alcock & Petra Andrlikova, 2018. "Asymmetric Dependence in Real Estate Investment Trusts: An Asset-Pricing Analysis," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 56(2), pages 183-216, February.
    8. Leo Michelis & Cathy Ning, 2010. "The dependence structure between the Canadian stock market and the USD/CAD exchange rate: a copula approach," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 43(3), pages 1016-1039, August.
    9. Abuzayed, Bana & Al-Fayoumi, Nedal & Bouri, Elie, 2020. "Co-movement across european stock and real estate markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 189-208.
    10. Vitali Alexeev & Mardi Dungey, 2015. "Equity portfolio diversification with high frequency data," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(7), pages 1205-1215, July.
    11. Renee Fry & Vance L. Martin & Chrismin Tang, 2008. "A New Class Of Tests Of Contagion With Applications To Real Estate Markets," CAMA Working Papers 2008-01, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    12. Eddie C.M. Hui & Ka Kwan Kevin Chan, 2013. "The European sovereign debt crisis: contagion across European real estate markets," Journal of Property Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(2), pages 87-102, June.
    13. Andrey Pavlov & Eva Steiner & Susan Wachter, 2018. "The Consequences of REIT Index Membership for Return Patterns," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 46(1), pages 210-250, March.
    14. Yang Deng & Helen X. H. Bao & Pu Gong, 2018. "Increased Tail Dependence in Global Public Real Estate Markets," International Real Estate Review, Asian Real Estate Society, vol. 21(2), pages 145-168.
    15. Pin-te Lin & Franz Fuerst, 2014. "The integration of direct real estate and stock markets in Asia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(12), pages 1323-1334, April.
    16. Eddie C. M. Hui & Sheung-Chi Phillip Yam, 2014. "Can we beat the "buy-and-hold" strategy? Analysis on European and American securitized real estate indices," International Journal of Strategic Property Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 28-37, March.
    17. Wang, Yi-Chiuan & Wu, Jyh-Lin & Lai, Yi-Hao, 2013. "A revisit to the dependence structure between the stock and foreign exchange markets: A dependence-switching copula approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1706-1719.
    18. Ning, Cathy, 2010. "Dependence structure between the equity market and the foreign exchange market-A copula approach," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 743-759, September.
    19. Eva Steiner & Jamie Alcock, 2011. "New Evidence on asymmetric dependence in the returns from U.S. Real Estate Estate Investment Trusts," ERES eres2011_161, European Real Estate Society (ERES).
    20. Ning, Cathy & Xu, Dinghai & Wirjanto, Tony S., 2008. "Modeling the leverage effect with copulas and realized volatility," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 221-227, December.
    21. Jamie Alcock & Eva Steiner, 2018. "Fundamental Drivers of Dependence in REIT Returns," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 57(1), pages 4-42, July.
    22. Fry, Renée & Martin, Vance L. & Tang, Chrismin, 2010. "A New Class of Tests of Contagion With Applications," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 28(3), pages 423-437.
    23. Eddie C. M. Hui & Ka Kwan Kevin Chan, 2013. "Contagion across real estate and equity markets during European sovereign debt crisis," International Journal of Strategic Property Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 305-316, September.

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