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Fiscal policy considerations in the design of monetary policy in Peru


  • Rossini, Renzo

    (Central Reserve Bank of Peru)

  • Quispe, Zenón

    (Central Reserve Bank of Peru)

  • Loyola, Jorge

    (Central Reserve Bank of Peru)


We evaluate the financial and real linkages between fiscal and monetary policy in Peru, and show that during the recent export commodity price boom, public finances supported the implementation of monetary policy. In particular, the reduction of the net public debt has translated into a greater capability by the Central Bank to sterilize its FOREX interventions. Also, an active policy to enhance the development of the local capital markets, using the issuance of public bonds denominated in local currency as a benchmark, has created the incentive to de-dollarize banking credit. On the other hand, difficulty in fine-tuning public investment around the business cycle in recent years has led to periods of a fiscal stance that does not counteract the real business cycle. This raises the question of the possibility of adopting a structural rule for the public sector balance, based on structural fundamentals.

Suggested Citation

  • Rossini, Renzo & Quispe, Zenón & Loyola, Jorge, 2012. "Fiscal policy considerations in the design of monetary policy in Peru," Working Papers 2012-022, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2012-022

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Renzo Rossini & Zenon Quispe & Donita Rodriguez, 2011. "Capital flows, monetary policy and forex intervention in Peru," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Capital flows, commodity price movements and foreign exchange intervention, volume 57, pages 261-274 Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Vega, Marco & Bigio, Saki & Florian, David & Llosa, Gonzalo & Miller, Shirley & Ramirez-Rondan, Nelson & Rodriguez, Donita & Salas, Jorge & Winkelried, Diego, 2009. "Un modelo semiestructural de proyección para la economía peruana," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 17, pages 51-83.
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    Cited by:

    1. Svetlana Vtyurina & Zulima Leal, 2016. "Fiscal Multipliers and Institutions in Peru; Getting the Largest Bang for the Sol," IMF Working Papers 16/144, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Luis Catão & Marco Terrones, 2016. "Financial De-Dollarization; A Global Perspective and the Peruvian Experience," IMF Working Papers 16/97, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Castillo, Paul & Vega, Hugo & Serrano, Enrique & Burga, Carlos, 2016. "De-dollarization of credit in Peru: the role of unconventional monetary policy tools," Working Papers 2016-002, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

    More about this item


    Central Bank Monetary Policy; Fiscal Policy; Macroeconomic Stabilization;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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