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Competition and the role of group identity

Author

Listed:
  • Francesca Cornaglia

    (Queen Mary University of London)

  • Michalis Drouvelis

    (Department of Economics, University of Birmingham)

  • Paolo Masella

    (Department of Economics, University of Bologna)

Abstract

The emergence of competition is a defining aspect of human nature and characterizes many important social environments. However, its relationship with how social groups are formed has received little attention. We design an experiment to analyze how individuals’ willingness to compete is affected by group identity. We find that individuals display substantially stronger competitiveness in within group (ingroup) matchings than in between group (outgroup) matchings or in a control setting where no group identity is induced. We also find that the effect of group identity is stronger for subjects who participated more actively in the team-building task.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesca Cornaglia & Michalis Drouvelis & Paolo Masella, 2019. "Competition and the role of group identity," Working Papers 886, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:qmw:qmwecw:886
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Eugen Dimant & Kyle Hyndman, 2019. "Becoming Friends or Foes? How Competitive Environments Shape Social Preferences," Discussion Papers 2019-18, The Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    competition; social distance; group identity; laboratory experiment;

    JEL classification:

    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles

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