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Group Identity and Gender in Public Goods Experiments

Author

Listed:
  • Solow, John L.

    () (University of Iowa)

  • Kirkwood, Nicole

    (University of Iowa)

Abstract

This paper explores the effects of group identity and gender in a public goods experiment. We compare the behavior of participants who can be expected to have a pre-existing sense of group identity to that of randomly selected participants, and to that of participants who have undertaken community-building pre-experiment activities. While statistically significant differences were observed, our results suggest that the effects of group identity and gender on behavior are complicated, involving the nature of the groups involved. In particular, the claim that women are less likely to free-ride on others with whom they have a relationship is not supported.

Suggested Citation

  • Solow, John L. & Kirkwood, Nicole, 2000. "Group Identity and Gender in Public Goods Experiments," Working Papers 00-03, University of Iowa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uia:iowaec:00-03
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Julie A. Nelson, 1995. "Feminism and Economics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 131-148, Spring.
    2. Brown-Kruse, Jamie & Hummels, David, 1993. "Gender effects in laboratory public goods contribution : Do individuals put their money where their mouth is?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 255-267, December.
    3. Ferber, Marianne A, 1995. "The Study of Economics: A Feminist Critique," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(2), pages 357-361, May.
    4. Andreoni, James, 1995. "Cooperation in Public-Goods Experiments: Kindness or Confusion?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(4), pages 891-904, September.
    5. Bram Cadsby, C. & Maynes, Elizabeth, 1998. "Gender and free riding in a threshold public goods game: Experimental evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 603-620, March.
    6. Strober, Myra H, 1994. "Rethinking Economics through a Feminist Lens," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 143-147, May.
    7. Nowell, Clifford & Tinkler, Sarah, 1994. "The influence of gender on the provision of a public good," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 25-36, September.
    8. Andreoni, James, 1988. "Why free ride? : Strategies and learning in public goods experiments," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 291-304, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public Goods; Gender; Group Identity; Experiments;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior

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