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Group Identity and Gender in Public Goods Experiments


  • Solow, John L.

    () (University of Iowa)

  • Kirkwood, Nicole

    (University of Iowa)


This paper explores the effects of group identity and gender in a public goods experiment. We compare the behavior of participants who can be expected to have a pre-existing sense of group identity to that of randomly selected participants, and to that of participants who have undertaken community-building pre-experiment activities. While statistically significant differences were observed, our results suggest that the effects of group identity and gender on behavior are complicated, involving the nature of the groups involved. In particular, the claim that women are less likely to free-ride on others with whom they have a relationship is not supported.

Suggested Citation

  • Solow, John L. & Kirkwood, Nicole, 2000. "Group Identity and Gender in Public Goods Experiments," Working Papers 00-03, University of Iowa, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uia:iowaec:00-03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Saffer, Henry & Chaloupka, Frank, 1999. "The Demand for Illicit Drugs," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 37(3), pages 401-411, July.
    2. Frank J. Chaloupka & Michael Grossman & John A. Tauras, 1999. "The Demand for Cocaine and Marijuana by Youth," NBER Chapters,in: The Economic Analysis of Substance Use and Abuse: An Integration of Econometrics and Behavioral Economic Research, pages 133-156 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Yuan, Yuehong & Caulkins, Jonathan P., 1998. "The Effect of Variation in High-level Domestic Drug Enforcement on Variation in Drug Prices," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 265-276, December.
    4. Grossman, Michael & Chaloupka, Frank J., 1998. "The demand for cocaine by young adults: a rational addiction approach," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 427-474, August.
    5. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    6. Jeffrey DeSimone, 1998. "Is Marijuana a Gateway Drug?," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 24(2), pages 149-164, Spring.
    7. Hahn, Jinyong, 1995. "Bootstrapping Quantile Regression Estimators," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 11(01), pages 105-121, February.
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    More about this item


    Public Goods; Gender; Group Identity; Experiments;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior


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