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Political Economy of Taxation, Debt Ceilings, and Growth

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  • Uchida, Yuki
  • Ono, Tetsuo

Abstract

This study presents voting on policies including labor and capital income taxes and public debt in an overlapping-generations model with physical and human capital accumulation, and it then analyzes the effects of a debt ceiling on a government's policy formation and its impact on growth and welfare. The debt ceiling induces the government to shift the tax burdens from the older to younger generations, but stimulates physical capital accumulation and may increase public education expenditure, resulting in a higher growth rate. Alternatively, the debt ceiling is measured from the viewpoint of a benevolent planner; lowering the debt ceiling (i.e., tightening fiscal discipline) makes it possible for the government to approach the planner's allocation in an aging society.

Suggested Citation

  • Uchida, Yuki & Ono, Tetsuo, 2020. "Political Economy of Taxation, Debt Ceilings, and Growth," MPRA Paper 99455, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:99455
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    Cited by:

    1. Uchida, Yuki & Ono, Tetsuo, 2022. "Politics of Public Education and Pension Reform with Endogenous Fertility," MPRA Paper 112748, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Uchida, Yuki & Ono, Tetsuo, 2020. "Generational Distribution of Fiscal Burdens: A Positive Analysis," MPRA Paper 102826, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Uchida, Yuki & Ono, Tetsuo, 2021. "Borrowing to finance public investment: a politico-economic analysis of fiscal rules," MPRA Paper 115844, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 31 Dec 2022.
    4. Maebayashi, Noritaka, 2023. "The pace of fiscal consolidations, fiscal sustainability, and welfare: An overlapping generations approach," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Debt ceiling; Probabilistic voting; Public debt; Economic growth; Overlapping generations;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D70 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - General
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt

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