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“Lock-in” Effect of Emission Standard and Its Impact on the Choice of Market Based Instruments

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  • Qian, Haoqi
  • Wu, Libo
  • Tang, Weiqi

Abstract

A country’s existing emission standard policy will lead to a “lock in” effect. When the country plans to adopt new market-based instruments to control greenhouse gas emissions, it must consider this effect as it chooses among instruments to avoid larger efficiency loss. In this paper, we find that the “lock in” effect will cause a kink point to occur on the marginal abatement cost (MAC) curve. This change of shape for the MAC curve reminds us to be cautious in choosing market-based instruments when applying Weitzman’s rule. We also introduce this concept into a dynamic multi-regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model for China and simulate MAC curves for all regions. After applying Weitzman’s rule, we propose a timeline for introducing price instruments under different marginal benefit (MB) curve scenarios.

Suggested Citation

  • Qian, Haoqi & Wu, Libo & Tang, Weiqi, 2016. "“Lock-in” Effect of Emission Standard and Its Impact on the Choice of Market Based Instruments," MPRA Paper 72470, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:72470
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Lock-in Effect; Marginal Abatement Cost Curve; Cap and Trade of Carbon Emissions Rights; Carbon Tax;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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