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Technischer Fortschritt in der Schweiz: Empirische Ergebnisse aus industrieökonomischer Sicht
[Technischer Fortschritt in der Schweiz:Empirische Ergebnisse aus industrieökonomischer Sicht]

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  • Harabi, Najib

Abstract

Technischer Fortschritt ist eine der wichtigsten Triebkräfte der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung von Unternehmen, Wirtschaftszweigen und Volkswirtschaften. Die Auseinandersetzung mit der Natur, Determinanten und Konsequenzen dieses Phänomens steht seit einiger Zeit im Zentrum der theoretischen und empirischen Forschung der Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Die vorliegende Arbeit, die einen Beitrag zu dieser Forschung darstellt, befasst sich konkret mit den folgenden Hauptfragen: 1. Wie wird technischer Fortschritt definiert und gemessen? Und welches sind die entsprechenden quantitativen und qualitativen Ergebnisse für die Schweiz, vor allem auf Branchenebene? 2. Welches sind theoretisch die Determinanten interindustrieller Unterschiede im technischen Fortschritt? Oder, in einfachen Worten: Was erklärt im Wesentlichen, dass ein bestimmter Markt (bzw. ein bestimmter Wirtschaftszweig) mehr technische Innovationen hervorbringt als ein anderer? 3. Welches sind empirisch, zunächst rein deskriptiv und dann ökonometrisch, diese Erklärungsfaktoren im Falle der Schweizer Industrie? Die Analyse basiert auf einer schriftlichen und mündlichen Befragung von 940 Experten in 127 verschiedenen Wirtschaftszweigen. Die Ergebnisse sind für Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik von grosser Relevanz

Suggested Citation

  • Harabi, Najib, 1994. "Technischer Fortschritt in der Schweiz: Empirische Ergebnisse aus industrieökonomischer Sicht [Technischer Fortschritt in der Schweiz:Empirische Ergebnisse aus industrieökonomischer Sicht]," MPRA Paper 6725, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:6725
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    1. repec:dgr:rugsom:98b20 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Vossen, Robert W., 1998. "Market power, industrial concentration and innovative activity," Research Report 98B20, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
    3. Harabi, Najib, 1995. "Determinanten des technischen Fortschritts: eine industrieökonomische Analyse [Determinants of technical change: an analysis from industrial economics perspective]," MPRA Paper 26261, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Robert Vossen, 1999. "Market Power, Industrial Concentration and Innovative Activity," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 15(4), pages 367-378, December.
    5. Harabi, Najib, 1995. "Appropriability of technical innovations an empirical analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 981-992, November.
    6. Najib Harabi, 1995. "Sources Of Technical Progress: Empirical Evidence From Swiss Industry," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 67-76.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Technical change; technological innovation; empirical study; Switzerland; economic growth; industry study; technoligical opportunities; appropriability; patents;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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