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El mercado de trabajo en España: El contexto europeo, los dos viejos desafíos y un nuevo problema
[The Spanish labour market: The European context, two old challenges and a new problem]


  • López-Mourelo, Elva
  • Malo, Miguel A.


In this article, we focus on the outcomes of the Spanish labour market from a comparative perspective respect to other countries of the European Union. A descriptive analysis presents the main consequences of the latest crisis. We use these elements to understand the two biggest problems of the Spanish labour market (the huge waves of employment and unemployment, and the high unemployment rate in the long-term), jointly with the concerns on wage and income inequality for the next future. A final section concludes discussing about the design of structural reforms and changes in the Welfare State.

Suggested Citation

  • López-Mourelo, Elva & Malo, Miguel A., 2014. "El mercado de trabajo en España: El contexto europeo, los dos viejos desafíos y un nuevo problema [The Spanish labour market: The European context, two old challenges and a new problem]," MPRA Paper 60778, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:60778

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Malo, Miguel à ngel, 2005. "La evolución institucional del despido en españa: una interpretación en términos de un accidente histórico," Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 23(1), pages 83-115, March.
    2. José María Arranz & Carlos García-Serrano, 2014. "Duration of Joblessness and Long-term Unemployment: Is Duration as Long as Official Statistics Say?," AIEL Series in Labour Economics, in: Miguel Ángel Malo & Dario Sciulli (ed.), Disadvantaged Workers, edition 127, chapter 0, pages 297-320, Springer.
    3. Dolado, Juan J. & Felgueroso, Florentino & Jimeno, Juan F., 2000. "Youth labour markets in Spain: Education, training, and crowding-out," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(4-6), pages 943-956, May.
    4. José María Arranz & Carlos García-Serrano, 2014. "How green was my valley," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 35(7), pages 1059-1087, September.
    5. Blyth, Mark, 2013. "Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199828302, Decembrie.
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    Cited by:

    1. Malo, Miguel & Cueto, Begoña, 2019. "Do old and new labour market risks overlap? Automation, offshorability, and non-standard employment," MPRA Paper 95058, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Raul Ramos & Esteban Sanromá & Hipólito Simón, 2018. "Wage differentials by bargaining regime in Spain (2002-2014). An analysis using matched employer-employee data," Working Papers 2018/23, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    3. Ramos, Raul & Sanromá, Esteban & Simón, Hipólito, 2022. "Collective bargaining levels, employment and wage inequality in Spain," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 375-395.
    4. Mariña Fernández-Reino & Jonas Radl & María Ramos, 2018. "Employment Outcomes of Ethnic Minorities in Spain: Towards Increasing Economic Incorporation among Immigrants and the Second Generation?," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 6(3), pages 48-63.
    5. Fernández-Reino, Mariña & Radl, Jonas & Ramos, María, 2018. "Employment Outcomes of Ethnic Minorities in Spain: Towards Increasing Economic Incorporation among Immigrants and the Second Generation?," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 6(3), pages 48-63.
    6. Aparicio-Pérez Daniel & Calatayud Carolina & Rochina-Barrachina María E., 2021. "The Export Strategy and SMEs Employment Resilience During Slump Periods," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 15(1), pages 163-186, January.

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    More about this item


    Employment; unemployment; temporary contracts; wage inequality; structural reforms.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials


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