IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/52163.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Factors Affecting the Distribution of CERs: A Cross-Sectional Empirical Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Kasai, Katsuya

Abstract

The CDM has promoted GHG reduction activities in developing countries. There is, however, a controversial issue of an unequal distribution of CDM benefits among developing nations. To date, some emerging economies have been receiving the majority of CERs while most LDCs have few of them. This paper, hence, attempts to empirically identify determinants of the amount of CERs in order to suggest potential approaches for LDCs. Consequently, this paper finds that GHG reduction potentials, governance levels, and science and technical levels have significant positive effects on the amount of CERs. In contrast, looking at host countries in LDCs, ODA is the only factor having significant positive effects. This seems to show that CDM activities in LDCs have been implemented against the principle of market mechanism. Ultimately, this paper suggests that, LDCs ought to ameliorate their endogenous factors (i.e., governance levels and science and technical levels), and that international organization and advanced nations should further encourage LDCs by providing finance and capacity development programs.

Suggested Citation

  • Kasai, Katsuya, 2012. "Factors Affecting the Distribution of CERs: A Cross-Sectional Empirical Analysis," MPRA Paper 52163, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jan 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:52163
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/52163/8/MPRA_paper_52163.pdf
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jingjing He & Yongfu Huang & Finn Tarp, 2014. "Is the Clean Development Mechanism effective for emission reductions?," Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 4(6), pages 750-760, December.
    2. Raubenheimer, Stefan & Michaelowa, Axel & Jahn, Michael & Liptow, Holger, 2004. "Measuring the Potential of Unilateral CDM : A Pilot Study," HWWA Discussion Papers 263, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    3. Dinar, Ariel & Mahfuzur Rahman, Shaikh & Larson, Donald & Ambrosi, Philippe, 2008. "Factors Affecting Levels Of International Cooperation In Carbon Abatement Projects," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4786, The World Bank.
    4. Kasai, Katsuya, 2011. "A Cross-Country Empirical Analysis of Determinants of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects," MPRA Paper 52160, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jan 2012.
    5. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1984. "Tobit models: A survey," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 3-61.
    6. Muller, Adrian, 2007. "How to make the clean development mechanism sustainable--The potential of rent extraction," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 3203-3212, June.
    7. repec:unu:wpaper:wp2012-073 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CDM; CER; LDCs; Kyoto Protocol; unequal distribution; global warming;

    JEL classification:

    • O44 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Environment and Growth
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:52163. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vfmunde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.