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Determinantes de la supervivencia de empresas industriales en el área metropolitana de Cali 1994-2003

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  • Andrés Felipe Martínez

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Abstract

Los establecimientos industriales del Área Metropolitana de Cali presentan mayores problemas para consolidarse en los primeros años que siguen a su creación. En este trabajo se analiza el horizonte vital de las empresas de la cohorte de 1994 hasta el año 2003. Los procesos de consolidación empresarial de los establecimientos industriales varían según el tamaño inicial y las características de la industria donde operen. En particular, el ciclo de vida, el nivel de concentración de mercado y el régimen tecnológico de las industrias, determinan diversos escenarios de supervivencia para los nuevos establecimientos. A partir de la estimación de un modelo de duración, se estimo la probabilidad de supervivencia y el nivel de riesgo de los establecimientos industriales. Se encontró que las empresas enfrentan mayores barreras a la supervivencia cuando el sector donde deciden operar se encuentra en un etapa madura del ciclo de vida. De igual modo, las empresas pertenecientes a sectores industriales no concentrados presentan bajos niveles de supervivencia. Adicionalmente, el riesgo empresarial difiere según el tamaño inicial e la empresa, encontrándose una relación inversa entre el tamaño y la tasa de riesgo.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Felipe Martínez, 2006. "Determinantes de la supervivencia de empresas industriales en el área metropolitana de Cali 1994-2003," ENSAYOS SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL (ESER) 002320, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000103:002320
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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/documentos/publicaciones/regional/ESER/cali/2006_junio.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Modelos de supervivencia; riesgo empresarial; dimensión inicial; ciclo de vida y concentración de mercado;

    JEL classification:

    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing

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