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Determinantes de la supervivencia de empresas industriales en el área metropolitana de Cali 1994-2003

  • Andrés Felipe Martínez

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    Los establecimientos industriales del �rea Metropolitana de Cali presentan mayores problemas para consolidarse en los primeros a�os que siguen a su creaci�n. En este trabajo se analiza el horizonte vital de las empresas de la cohorte de 1994 hasta el a�o 2003. Los procesos de consolidaci�n empresarial de los establecimientos industriales var�an seg�n el tama�o inicial y las caracter�sticas de la industria donde operen. En particular, el ciclo de vida, el nivel de concentraci�n de mercado y el r�gimen tecnol�gico de las industrias, determinan diversos escenarios de supervivencia para los nuevos establecimientos. A partir de la estimaci�n de un modelo de duraci�n, se estimo la probabilidad de supervivencia y el nivel de riesgo de los establecimientos industriales. Se encontr� que las empresas enfrentan mayores barreras a la supervivencia cuando el sector donde deciden operar se encuentra en un etapa madura del ciclo de vida. De igual modo, las empresas pertenecientes a sectores industriales no concentrados presentan bajos niveles de supervivencia. Adicionalmente, el riesgo empresarial difiere seg�n el tama�o inicial e la empresa, encontr�ndose una relaci�n inversa entre el tama�o y la tasa de riesgo.

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    File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/documentos/publicaciones/regional/ESER/cali/2006_junio.pdf
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    Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series ENSAYOS SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL (ESER) with number 002320.

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    Length: 39
    Date of creation: 30 Jun 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:col:000103:002320
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    1. Luis Gutierrez & Carlos Pombo, 2004. "Firm entry, productivity differentials and turnovers in import substituting markets: a study of the petrochemical industry in Colombia," BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 002728, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
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