Immigration, Trade and Wages in Germany
This paper examines the effects of several macroeconomic variables such as GDP, imports, unemployment, immigration and emigration on the real wages and salaries of German laborers. Annual data for 49 years has been used to estimate twelve different regressions, trying to capture the effect of these variables on the real wages and salaries in Germany while considering the unification of West-East Germany with a dummy variable. The results are intriguing, and contradicting with most of the earlier literature. The paper concludes that wages are unresponsive to the macroeconomics changes most of the time while salaries are more sensitive to macroeconomic changes. The paper also contributes to the literature by investigating the effects of macroeconomic variables on the salary and wage changes of different gender groups.
|Date of creation:||Jun 2005|
|Date of revision:||Jun 2006|
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Web page: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
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- Zimmermann, Klaus F, 1996.
"Wage and Mobility Effects of Trade and Migration,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
1318, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Bilal, S. & Grether, J.-M. & de Melo, J., 1998.
"Determinants of Attitudes Towards Immigration: A Trade-Theoretic Approach,"
Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva
98.12, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
- Jaime MELO DE & Jean Marie GRETHER & BILAL, 1998. "Determinants of Attitudes Towards Immigration: a Trade-Theoretic Approach," Working Papers 199805, CERDI.
- de Melo, Jaime & Ettinger, Charles, 1998. "Determinants of Attitudes Towards Immigration: A Trade-Theoretic Approach," CEPR Discussion Papers 1877, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Elise Brezis & Paul Krugman, 1996.
"Immigration, investment, and real wages,"
Journal of Population Economics,
Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 83-93, February.
- Thompson, Henry, 1997. "Free trade and income redistribution across labor groups: Comparative statics for the U.S. economy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 181-192.
- Gaston, Noel & Nelson, Douglas, 2000. "Immigration and Labour-Market Outcomes in the United States: A Political-Economy Puzzle," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(3), pages 104-14, Autumn.
- John P. Haisken-DeNew & Klaus F. Zimmermann, . "Native Wage Impacts of Foreign Labor," Working Papers 9408, SELAPO Center for Human Resources.
- Stephen Drinkwater & Paul Levine & Emanuela Lotti & Joseph Pearlman, 2003. "The Economic Impact of Migration: A Survey," School of Economics Discussion Papers 0103, School of Economics, University of Surrey.
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