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GINI DP 44: Immigration and Inequality in Europe

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  • Frattini, T. (Tommaso)

Abstract

This paper aims at assessing the effect of immigration on native income inequality in Western Europe. I use different regional indicators of income inequality, which allow distinguishing between dispersion at the top and at the bottom of the income distribution, and correlate them to regional annual inflows of immigrants over the period 2004-2008. Results indicate that immigration is associated with a decrease of income inequality at the bottom of the distribution. However, IV estimates do not show any causal effect of immigration on income dispersion.

Suggested Citation

  • Frattini, T. (Tommaso), 2012. "GINI DP 44: Immigration and Inequality in Europe," GINI Discussion Papers 44, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:aia:ginidp:44
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peri, Giovanni & D'Amuri, Francesco, 2010. "Immigration, Jobs and Employment Protection: Evidence from Europe," Institute of European Studies, Working Paper Series qt9rp2j8m1, Institute of European Studies, UC Berkeley.
    2. Orrenius, Pia M. & Zavodny, Madeline, 2007. "Does immigration affect wages? A look at occupation-level evidence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 757-773, October.
    3. Rudolf Winter-Ebmer & Josef Zweim├╝ller, 1999. "Do immigrants displace young native workers: The Austrian experience," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 12(2), pages 327-340.
    4. Tommaso Frattini, 2012. "Immigrazione," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, issue 3, pages 363-407, July-Sept.
    5. David Card, 2009. "Immigration and Inequality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 1-21.
    6. Gaston, Noel & Nelson, Douglas, 2000. "Immigration and Labour-Market Outcomes in the United States: A Political-Economy Puzzle," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(3), pages 104-114, Autumn.
    7. Barrett, Alan & FitzGerald, John & Nolan, Brian, 2002. "Earnings inequality, returns to education and immigration into Ireland," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(5), pages 665-680, November.
    8. Rachel M. Friedberg & Jennifer Hunt, 1995. "The Impact of Immigrants on Host Country Wages, Employment and Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 23-44, Spring.
    9. George J. Borjas & Jeffrey Grogger & Gordon H. Hanson, 2008. "Imperfect Substitution between Immigrants and Natives: A Reappraisal," NBER Working Papers 13887, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf & Zweimuller, Josef, 1996. "Immigration and the Earnings of Young Native Workers," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 48(3), pages 473-491, July.
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