Nexus between aid and security: the case of Pakistan
Pakistan being a frontline state in the war against terrorism has also remained one of the highest recipients of foreign aid. This paper analyses foreign assistance through four main facets namely: the link between aid, security and growth with special reference to Pakistan, general equilibrium impact of foreign resource inflow on economic growth and poverty, aid effectiveness in Pakistan, and priorities for aid policy reform in the country. The empirical literature on the impact of aid on economic development in Pakistan is inconclusive due to aid being fragmented and volatile. The donors have remained poorly coordinated with a weak follow up mechanism. Pakistan for its part has seen mixed experiences in aid absorption. While a decade long nation-wide social action program could not translate into improved social and welfare indicators, there are some success stories such as: rural support networks, microfinance opportunities, cluster approach for earthquake relief and recovery. While the economic implications of prolonged reliance on aid indicate Dutch disease effects at the macroeconomic level in Pakistan, there are more concerning effects at that micro level where society has started to perceive aid as a compensation (and not assistance) for Pakistan’s involvement in wars led by developed nations. This behaviour besides corrupting the elite also promotes rent seeking where agents gaining from war have a vested interest in keep the conflict intensified. Pakistan along with its development partners has taken measures to move towards the directions indicated in Paris Declaration. The EAD is in the process of finalizing Foreign Assistance Policy Framework which is governed by principles that ensure compatibility and convergence of aid with national plans and improve quality, effectiveness and efficiency of foreign assistance. Having a national aid policy is all the more important at this stage when Pakistan is in the process of seeking assistance from the FoDP consortium and Kerry – Lugar arrangement with US. The improved mechanism should include appropriate amendments based upon the lessons learnt from past experiences. Finally as the reconstruction work takes off in the war-torn areas, there will be increased need for regular quantitative and qualitative analytical work by both government and donors. The research dissemination should then translate in to a process of effective dialogue between all stakeholders.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2010|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany|
Web page: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de
More information through EDIRC
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- William Easterly, 2003. "Can Foreign Aid Buy Growth?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 17(3), pages 23-48, Summer.
- Burnside, Craig & Dollar, David, 1997.
"Aid, policies, and growth,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
1777, The World Bank.
- Svensson, Jakob, 2000.
"Foreign aid and rent-seeking,"
Journal of International Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 437-461, August.
- Muhammad Arshad Khan & Ayaz Ahmed, 2007. "Foreign Aid-Blessing or Curse: Evidence from Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 46(3), pages 215-240.
- Ahmed, Vaqar & O' Donoghue, Cathal, 2008. "Welfare impact of external balance in pakistan: CGE-microsimulation analysis," MPRA Paper 9267, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Boriana Yontcheva & Nadia Masud, 2005. "Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid," IMF Working Papers 05/100, International Monetary Fund.
- William Easterly & Ross Levine & David Roodman, 2003. "New Data, New doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar's "Aid, Policies, and Growth" (2000)," NBER Working Papers 9846, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Franco-Rodriguez, Susana & Morrissey, Oliver & McGillivray, Mark, 1998.
"Aid and the Public Sector in Pakistan: Evidence with Endogenous Aid,"
Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 1241-1250, July.
- Susana Franco-Rodriguez, & Mark McGillivray, & Oliver Morrissey, . "Aid and the Public Sector in Pakistan: Evidence with Endogenous Aid," Discussion Papers 98/2, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
- Adams, Richard H. Jr. & He, Jane J., 1995. "Sources of income inequality and poverty in rural Pakistan:," Research reports 102, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- Alberto Chong & Mark Gradstein & Cecilia Calderon, 2009. "Can foreign aid reduce income inequality and poverty?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 140(1), pages 59-84, July.
- Pack, Howard & Pack, Janet Rothenberg, 1993. "Foreign Aid and the Question of Fungibility," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(2), pages 258-65, May.
- Naheed Z. Khan & Eric Rahim, 1993. "Foreign Aid, Domestic Savings and Economic Growth (Pakistan: 1960 to 1988)," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 1157-1167.
- Amjad, Rashid, 1984. "The management of Pakistan's economy 1947-82," MPRA Paper 35850, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- David Carment & Yiagadeesen Samy & Stewart Prest, 2008. "State Fragility and Implications for Aid Allocation: An Empirical Analysis," Conflict Management and Peace Science, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 25(4), pages 349-373, September.
- Vos, Rob, 1998. "Aid Flows and "Dutch Disease" in a General Equilibrium Framework for Pakistan," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 77-109, February.
- Zafar Iqbal, 1997. "Foreign Aid and the Public Sector: A Model of Fiscal Behaviour in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 36(2), pages 115-129.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:29310. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.