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Effective Foreign Aid, Economic Integration and Subsidiarity: Lessons from Europe

Author

Listed:
  • Abdur Chowdhury

    (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

  • Paolo Garonna

    () (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

Abstract

An importance source of finance for poorer economies, is foreign aid; this paper examines some controversies surrounding its provision. The advanced economies have provided hundreds of billions of dollars in aid to the developing world over the last several decades; although this has done much good in some cases, many of these countries have grown very little, especially during the last two decades of the twentieth century. In fact some have argued that this aid has actually hindered development by creating perverse incentives and hindering democratic governance. Thus it would appear that much of this money has been wasted, but whose fault has it been and what can be done to improve the situation in the coming decades? This paper analyze these aid issues and propose that the answer to these questions can be partially found by examining the European experience in proving assistance to its disadvantaged regions. Of particular importance in this regard has been the way aid has been used to promote economic integration and how it has been distributed using the subsidiary principle.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdur Chowdhury & Paolo Garonna, 2008. "Effective Foreign Aid, Economic Integration and Subsidiarity: Lessons from Europe," UNECE Annual Report Economic Essays 2008_3, UNECE.
  • Handle: RePEc:ece:annrep:2008_3
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2000. "Aid effectiveness disputed," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 375-398, April.
    2. Raghuram G. Rajan & Arvind Subramanian, 2008. "Aid and Growth: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 90(4), pages 643-665, November.
    3. R. Lensink & H. White, 2001. "Are There Negative Returns to Aid?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6), pages 42-65.
    4. C-J. Dalgaard & H. Hansen, 2001. "On Aid, Growth and Good Policies," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6), pages 17-41.
    5. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
    6. Carl-Johan Dalgaard & Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2004. "On The Empirics of Foreign Aid and Growth," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(496), pages 191-216, June.
    7. Michael A. Clemens & Steven Radelet & Rikhil Bhavnani, 2004. "Counting chickens when they hatch: The short-term effect of aid on growth," International Finance 0407010, EconWPA.
    8. Isham, Jonathan & Kaufmann, Daniel & Pritchett, Lant, 1995. "Governance and returns on investment : an empirical investigation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1550, The World Bank.
    9. Levy, Victor, 1988. "Aid and growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: The recent experience," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1777-1795, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Development aid; economic integration; Europe; subsidiarity; aid for trade;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • P33 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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