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Educación, experiencia y especialización manufacturera en la frontera norte de México
[Schooling, experience and manufacturing specialization along the northern border of Mexico]

Author

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  • Mendoza, Jorge Eduardo

Abstract

With the establishment of the North American Free Trade Agreement (TLCAN) the northern region manufacturing sector of Mexico exhibited a fast growth during the nineties. This paper seeks to estimate the effects of schooling, labor experience and specialization on labor maquiladora income in the cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez. A weighted LS model was established, using labor earning as the dependent variable, and experience schooling and specialization as the explanatory variables. The results showed that in the northern cities both schooling and experience resulted in higher labor income, particularly in intensive capital and technological industries. The coefficient of specialization was higher in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez than in the rest of the cities included.

Suggested Citation

  • Mendoza, Jorge Eduardo, 2002. "Educación, experiencia y especialización manufacturera en la frontera norte de México
    [Schooling, experience and manufacturing specialization along the northern border of Mexico]
    ," MPRA Paper 2811, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 04 Apr 2002.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:2811
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/2811/1/MPRA_paper_2811.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
    2. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. F. Javier TRIVEZ & Angel Mauricio REYES & F. Javier ALIAGA, 2009. "MEXICAN MAQUILA INDUSTRY OUTLOOK. A Quantitative Space-Time Analysis," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 9(1).
    2. Moises J Schwartz & Xie Ping & Y Venugopal Reddy, 2002. "Discussion of 'China as a Window to the World: Trade Openness, Living Standards and Income Inequality' and 'Towards an Indian Approach to Globalisation'," RBA Annual Conference Volume,in: David Gruen & Terry O'Brien & Jeremy Lawson (ed.), Globalisation, Living Standards and Inequality: Recent Progress and Continuing Challenges Reserve Bank of Australia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Manufacturing sector; maquiladora industry; labor returns to schooling;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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