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From Home Bias to Euro Bias: Disentangling the Effects of Monetary Union on the European Financial Markets

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  • Balli, Faruk
  • Basher, Syed Abul
  • Ozer-Balli, Hatice

Abstract

Following the launch of the Euro in 1999, integration among Euro area financial markets increased considerably. As a result, portfolio home bias declined across the European financial markets. However, greater market integration has generated a new bias: portfolio Euro bias, a situation where Euro investors tend to hold large proportion of assets issued within the Euro region. The first part of this paper presents an empirical analysis of the economic factors at play behind the switch from home bias to Euro bias. We find that decline in default risk and transaction cost are two key determinants of the rise in portfolio Euro bias. The second part of the paper goes deeper into the effects of Euro bias on Euro area bond and equity markets. We observe that both government and corporate bond markets revealed clear signs of strain during the recent financial turmoil. Our results also reveal that the risk-reduction potential from geographic diversification within the Euro equity market is lower than that of the Euro sector diversification.

Suggested Citation

  • Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Ozer-Balli, Hatice, 2010. "From Home Bias to Euro Bias: Disentangling the Effects of Monetary Union on the European Financial Markets," MPRA Paper 22430, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:22430
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Balli, Hatice Ozer, 2013. "International income risk-sharing and the global financial crisis of 2008–2009," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2303-2313.
    2. Elisabetta Croci Angelini & Francesco Farina & Enzo Valentini, 2016. "Contagion across Eurozone’s sovereign spreads and the Core-Periphery divide," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, pages 197-213.
    3. Angelini, Elisabetta Croci & Farina, Francesco, 2012. "Current account imbalances and systemic risk within a monetary union," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 647-656.
    4. Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Balli, Hatice Ozer, 2011. "Income insurance and the determinants of income insurance via foreign asset revenues and foreign liability payments," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 2296-2306, September.
    5. repec:ecb:ecbwps:20141799 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Balli, Faruk & Balli, Hatice O., 2011. "Sectoral equity returns in the Euro region: Is there any room for reducing portfolio risk?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, pages 89-106.
    7. Balli, Faruk & Basher, Syed Abul & Rana, Faisal, 2014. "The determinants of the volatility of returns on cross-border asset holdings," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 1-23.
    8. Gajewski, Krzysztof & Olszewski, Krzysztof & Pawłowska, Małgorzata & Rogowski, Wojciech & Tchorek, Grzegorz & Zięba, Jolanta, 2012. "Integracja finansowa w Europie po wprowadzeniu euro. Przegląd literatury
      [Financial integration in Europe after the introduction of the euro. A literature overview]
      ," MPRA Paper 42482, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Cyn-Young Park & Rogelio V. Mercado, 2014. "Equity home bias, financial integration, and regulatory reforms: implications for emerging Asia," Chapters,in: Global Shock, Risks, and Asian Financial Reform, chapter 9, pages 347-376 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. repec:spr:portec:v:16:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s10258-016-0126-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Hornuf, Lars & Engert, Andreas, 2013. "Can Network Effects Impede Optimal Contracting in Debt Securities?," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79867, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    12. Dewandaru, Ginanjar & Masih, Rumi & Masih, A. Mansur M., 2016. "What can wavelets unveil about the vulnerabilities of monetary integration? A tale of Eurozone stock markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PB), pages 981-996.
    13. Cyn-Young Park & Rogelio V. Mercado, 2014. "Equity home bias, financial integration, and regulatory reforms: implications for emerging Asia," Chapters,in: Global Shock, Risks, and Asian Financial Reform, chapter 9, pages 347-376 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Habib, Maurizio Michael & Floreani, Vincent Arthur, 2015. "Financial exposure to the euro area before and after the crisis: home bias and institutions at home," Working Paper Series 1799, European Central Bank.
    15. Boermans, Martijn A. & Vermeulen, Robert, 2016. "Newton meets Van Leeuwenhoek: Identifying international investors’ common currency preferences," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 62-65.
    16. repec:eee:touman:v:52:y:2016:i:c:p:221-229 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Balli, Faruk & Civan, Abdulkadir & Uras, Oguz, 2015. "The impact of the Hizmet movement on Turkey's bilateral trade," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 74-82.
    18. repec:eee:touman:v:37:y:2013:i:c:p:186-192 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Howden, David, 2013. "The Icelandic and Irish Banking Crises: Alternative Paths to a Credit-Induced Collapse," MPRA Paper 79602, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Marco Buti, 2011. "Balancing Imbalances: Improving Economic Governance in the EU after the Crisis," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(2), pages 03-11, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial integration; home bias; Euro bias; transaction costs.;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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