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The patterns of cross-border portfolio investments in the GCC region: do institutional quality and the number of expatriates play a role?


  • Faruk Balli


  • Rosmy Louis


  • Mohammad Osman



In this paper, we document the determinants of portfolio investments to Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) economies by bringing up the role played by market forces, cultural anities, and institutional quality. We classify the GCC economies as host to 35 countries as per the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Surveys (CPIS) of the IMF for the period 2001- 2006. Using the CPIS data and data from various other reliable sources and appropriate panel data analysis techniques, we find a number of interesting results: 1) the relatively higher quality of institutional set up in GCC in comparison to other countries; 2) the relative volume of expatriates across source countries in GCC soil; and 3) bilateral factors such as trade linkages between GCC and source countries, all statistically and significantly explain portfolio investments to the GCC region. Additionally, we uncover the existence of a portfolio GCC bias". That is, GCC investors exhibit a strong preference towards their own markets when allocating their cross border nancial asset holdings.
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  • Faruk Balli & Rosmy Louis & Mohammad Osman, 2011. "The patterns of cross-border portfolio investments in the GCC region: do institutional quality and the number of expatriates play a role?," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 35(4), pages 434-455, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jecfin:v:35:y:2011:i:4:p:434-455
    DOI: 10.1007/s12197-009-9111-5

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Balli, Faruk & Guven, Cahit & Balli, Hatice O. & Gounder, Rukmani, 2010. "The Role of Institutions, Culture, and Wellbeing in Explaining Bilateral Remittance Flows: Evidence Both Cross-Country and Individual-Level Analysis," MPRA Paper 29609, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Al-Hadi, Ahmed & Taylor, Grantley & Hossain, Mahmud, 2015. "Disaggregation, auditor conservatism and implied cost of equity capital: An international evidence from the GCC," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 66-98.
    3. Pierucci, Eleonora & Pericoli, Filippo & Ventura, Luigi, 2014. "Reassessing international investment patterns: a revisitation of Lane and Milesi-Ferretti's evidence," MPRA Paper 53585, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:eee:touman:v:52:y:2016:i:c:p:221-229 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:touman:v:37:y:2013:i:c:p:186-192 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Pericoli, F.M. & Pierucci, E. & Ventura, L., 2013. "Cross-border equity portfolio choices and the diversification motive: A fractional regression approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 121(2), pages 282-286.

    More about this item


    International Portfolio Allocation; GCC; Bilateral Linkage; Institutional Quality; Expatriates; E44; F15; F36; F41;

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration


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