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Poverty and Health in India: A Comparative Study about Pre-Reform and Post-Reform Periods


  • sarvalingam, a
  • sivakumar, marimuthu


In India, Economic Reforms has been explicitly started in 1991. Even with some controversy in the initial period now it intruded in almost all the sectors. At present days economic reforms is mingled with every sphere of economic activities. But the effects of economic reforms are highly debatable.Social sector is an important ingredient for over all development of a country. Development of social sector reveals the standard of living of people as well as the volume and potential of human resource in a country. Hence the analysis of economic reforms and its impact on social sector is imperative. This paper analysis poverty and health status during pre-reforms and post-reforms periods and compare them to find out that during which period the decrease in poverty and the increase in health status are better. For the analysis of poverty, people living below poverty line and for health status analysis life expectancy at birth and infant mortality are used in this study.

Suggested Citation

  • sarvalingam, a & sivakumar, marimuthu, 2009. "Poverty and Health in India: A Comparative Study about Pre-Reform and Post-Reform Periods," MPRA Paper 17816, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17816

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. S. Narayan, 2009. "India," Chapters,in: The Political Economy of Trade Reform in Emerging Markets, chapter 7 Edward Elgar Publishing.
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    More about this item


    Economic Reforms; Social Sector; Poverty; Health; Below Poverty Line; Life Expectancy at Birth; Infant Mortality Rate; India.;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health

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