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Conflict as a Cause of Migration


  • Crippa, Andrea
  • d'Agostino, Giorgio
  • Dunne, Paul
  • Pieroni, Luca


Much of the literature on the determinants of migration considers push and pull and while conflict is considered a push factor it has received surprisingly little empirical scrutiny. When it has the focus is on the most visible result, refugee flows. While political oppression, economic adversities and environmental degradation are important determinants of migration, conflict and wars account for the bulk of low income country refugees and migrants. This paper considers the role that conflict plays in migration, beyond refugee flows, across a range of countries for which data is available. It estimates the impact of conflict on migration allowing for other important factors and different measures of conflict. A large effect of conflict on net migration is found for low income countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Crippa, Andrea & d'Agostino, Giorgio & Dunne, Paul & Pieroni, Luca, 2022. "Conflict as a Cause of Migration," MPRA Paper 112327, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:112327

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    More about this item


    Migration; internal conflict; income; panel data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies

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