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Migration Choices during Conflict in Nepal: Pull Forces and Landscape Interactions

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  • Fonner, Robert
  • Bohara, Alok K
  • Archambault, Stephen

Abstract

Conflict's effect on migration depends on an individual's location relative to the conflict. Conflict can thus influence migration and resulting patterns of settlement through push and pull forces. This study investigates the influence of conflict and other factors on location choices during the Nepalese civil war using a model the captures the push and pull forces of these factors. Model results indicate that conflict at origin and potential destination locations combine to influence location choice, and further suggest that landscape features can moderate the influence of conflict on migration. The findings highlight the importance of push and pull factors, and associated landscape interactions, and in determining location choices during conflict.

Suggested Citation

  • Fonner, Robert & Bohara, Alok K & Archambault, Stephen, 2018. "Migration Choices during Conflict in Nepal: Pull Forces and Landscape Interactions," International Journal of Development and Conflict, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, vol. 8(2), pages 46-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:gok:ijdcv1:v:8:y:2018:i:2:p:46-61
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Engel, Stefanie & Ibanez, Ana Maria, 2007. "Displacement Due to Violence in Colombia: A Household-Level Analysis," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55(2), pages 335-365, January.
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    5. Gregory S. Amacher & Wilfrido Cruz & Donald Grebner & William F. Hyde, 1998. "Environmental Motivations for Migration: Population Pressure, Poverty, and Deforestation in the Philippines," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 74(1), pages 92-101.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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