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Environmental Motivations for Migration: Population Pressure, Poverty, and Deforestation in the Philippines

Author

Listed:
  • Gregory S. Amacher
  • Wilfrido Cruz
  • Donald Grebner
  • William F. Hyde

Abstract

This paper uses a multinomial discrete choice model and data from the Philippines to examine migrant choice between alternative destinations. Travel costs and perceived opportunities at the upland frontier are more important than general (upland plus lowland) destination attributes that indicate more developed social infrastructure or greater expected welfare. For example, migration streams are larger to destinations where the public share of forestland and the road system are larger. These features also characterize regions of more rapid deforestation. Therefore, emigration policies must recognize their effects on deforestation at the frontier-and their anticipated indirect effects on downstream environments.

Suggested Citation

  • Gregory S. Amacher & Wilfrido Cruz & Donald Grebner & William F. Hyde, 1998. "Environmental Motivations for Migration: Population Pressure, Poverty, and Deforestation in the Philippines," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 74(1), pages 92-101.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:landec:v:74:y:1998:i:1:p:92-101
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cansu Unver, 2015. "Does Broadband Facilitate Immigration Flows?," Discussion Papers 15-01, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
    2. Gawande, Kishore & Bohara, Alok K. & Berrens, Robert P. & Wang, Pingo, 2000. "Internal migration and the environmental Kuznets curve for US hazardous waste sites," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 151-166, April.
    3. Xu, Jintao & Tao, Ran & Amacher, Gregory S., 2004. "An empirical analysis of China's state-owned forests," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(3-4), pages 379-390, June.
    4. Cansu Ünver, 2015. "Does Broadband Facilitate Immigration Flows? A Non-Linear Instrumental Variable Approach," Ekonomi-tek - International Economics Journal, Turkish Economic Association, vol. 4(1), pages 69-104, January.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry

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