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The Evolution of the Earnings Distribution in a Volatile Economy: Evidence from Argentina

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  • Blanco, Andrés
  • Diaz de Astarloa, Bernardo
  • Drenik, Andres
  • Moser, Christian
  • Trupkin, Danilo

Abstract

This paper studies earnings inequality and dynamics in Argentina between 1996 and 2015. Following the 2001--2002 crisis, the Argentine economy transitioned from a low- to a high-inflation regime. At the same time, the number of collective bargaining agreements increased and the minimum wage adjustments became more frequent. We document that this macroeconomic transition was associated with a persistent decrease in the dispersion of real earnings and cyclical movements in higher-order moments of the distribution of earnings innovations. To understand this transition at the micro level, we estimate processes of regular wage adjustments within job spells. As the Argentine economy transitioned from low to high inflation, the monthly frequency of regular wage adjustments almost doubled, while the distribution of changes in regular wages morphed from having a mode close to zero and being positively skewed to having a positive mode and being more symmetric.

Suggested Citation

  • Blanco, Andrés & Diaz de Astarloa, Bernardo & Drenik, Andres & Moser, Christian & Trupkin, Danilo, 2021. "The Evolution of the Earnings Distribution in a Volatile Economy: Evidence from Argentina," MPRA Paper 105759, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:105759
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    1. Puggioni Daniela & Calderón Mariana & Cebreros Alfonso & Fernández León & Inguanzo José A. & Jaume David, 2022. "Inequality, Income Dynamics, and Transitions of Mexican Workers," Working Papers 2022-14, Banco de México.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Income Inequality; Income Volatility; Income Mobility; Wage Rigidity; Inflation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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