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Smeed fs Law and the Role of Hospitals in Modeling Fatalities and Traffic Accidents

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  • Yueh-Tzu Lu

    () (Graduate School of Management, National Cheng Kung University)

  • Mototsugu Fukushige

    () (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)

Abstract

We applied Smeed fs Law to Japanese prefectural data from between 1988 and 2016. We found that the coefficient for the number of vehicles was stable over the estimation period, but that the constant term decreased gradually. We decomposed fatalities per capita into fatalities per accidents and accidents per capita, and applied regression equations to the data. We conclude the following from this study. First, the relationship between fatalities per capita and the number of registered vehicles per capita was stable, which is consistent with Smeed fs Law. Second, the effects of technological advances have changed the estimated coefficients for time dummies. The role of hospitals may be difficult to incorporate into Smeed fs Law because of the complicated relationship between the distance to hospital and fatalities per capita.

Suggested Citation

  • Yueh-Tzu Lu & Mototsugu Fukushige, 2017. "Smeed fs Law and the Role of Hospitals in Modeling Fatalities and Traffic Accidents," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 17-22, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  • Handle: RePEc:osk:wpaper:1722
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    File URL: http://www2.econ.osaka-u.ac.jp/library/global/dp/1722.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Michael Grimm & Carole Treibich, 2013. "Determinants Of Road Traffic Crash Fatalities Across Indian States," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(8), pages 915-930, August.
    2. Antonio García-ferrer & Aránzazu De Juan & Pilar Poncela, 2007. "The relationship between road traffic accidents and real economic activity in Spain: common cycles and health issues," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(6), pages 603-626.
    3. David Bishai & Asma Quresh & Prashant James & Abdul Ghaffar, 2006. "National road casualties and economic development," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(1), pages 65-81.
    4. Ian Smith, 1999. "Road fatalities, modal split and Smeed's Law," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(4), pages 215-217.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Smeed fs Law; Traffic Accidents; Fatalities; Hospitals;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning

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