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Sobre a perda de ímpeto no processo de convergência da economia portuguesa: uma abordagem dogmática

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Neste artigo, argumenta-se que a recente perda de ímpeto em matéria de convergência é consistente com a interpretação neo-clássica, segundo a qual os países crescerão tão mais devagar quanto mais próximos estiverem do seu equilíbrio de longo prazo. Com base num exercício simples de “contabilidade de níveis”,argumenta-se que o movimento de convergência iniciado na segunda metade do século passado terá sido essencialmente induzido por um aumento da produtividade total dos factores (TFP) nas décadas de 60 e 70. Os mesmos resultados sugerem também que, nas duas décadas seguintes, não se terão verificado novos movimentos de convergência em termos de produtividade total. Pelo contrário, a evidência apresentada sugere que o movimento de convergência registado das últimas duas décadas do século XX não foi mais do que a tradução do processo de ajustamento da economia ao impulso inicial na produtividade. O facto de não se ter verificado um novo impulso de convergência após a adesão à CEE constitui um puzzle e merece reflexão.

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  • Miguel Lebre de Freitas, 2006. "Sobre a perda de ímpeto no processo de convergência da economia portuguesa: uma abordagem dogmática," NIPE Working Papers 8/2006, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  • Handle: RePEc:nip:nipewp:8/2006
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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