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The Expansion of the Finance Industry and Its Impact on the Economy: A Territorial Approach Based on Swiss Pension Funds



A new economic geography of finance is emerging, and the current "financialization" of contemporary economies has contributed greatly to the reshaping of the economic landscape. How can these changes be understood and interpreted, especially from a territorial point of view? There are two contradictory economic theories regarding the tangible effects of the rise of the finance industry. According to neoclassical financial theorists, the finance industry's success is based on its positive effects on the real economy through its capacity to allocate financial resources efficiently. An alternative approach, adopted here, posits that finance does not merely mirror the real economy and that the financial economy, far from being a simple instrument for the allocation of capital, has its own autonomy, its own logic of development and expansion. A series of complex, and sometimes contradictory, connections link financial markets and the real economy, and there are some tensions between them, calling into question the coherence of the regional and national economies that follow from them. Moreover, the territorial approach shows how the mobility/liquidity of capital and the changing dimensions of new regions and countries are central to the finance industry's functioning. This article builds an understanding of the financial system through the lens of pension funds and highlights the impact of such a system on the real economy and its geography.

Suggested Citation

  • José Corpataux & Olivier Crevoisier & Thierry Theurillat, 2009. "The Expansion of the Finance Industry and Its Impact on the Economy: A Territorial Approach Based on Swiss Pension Funds," GRET Publications and Working Papers 07-09, GRET Group of Research in Territorial Economy, University of Neuchâtel.
  • Handle: RePEc:nct:wpaper:07-09

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jane S. Pollard, 2003. "Small firm finance and economic geography," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(4), pages 429-452, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:7:p:1284-1298 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Natacha Aveline-Dubach, 2014. "New Patterns of Property Investment in " Post-Bubble " Tokyo
      [Les nouvelles formes de l'investissement immobilier dans l'après-bulle à Tokyo]
      ," Post-Print halshs-01242564, HAL.
    3. Thierry Theurillat & Jose Corpataux & Olivier Crevoisier, 2008. "Property Sector Financialization: The Case of Swiss Pension Funds (1992--2005)," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 189-212, December.
    4. Ludovic Halbert & Hortense Rouanet, 2014. "Filtering Risk Away: Global Finance Capital, Transcalar Territorial Networks and the (Un)Making of City-Regions: An Analysis of Business Property Development in Bangalore, India," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(3), pages 471-484, March.
    5. Christian Livi & Pedro Araujo & Olivier Crevoisier, 2012. "Les territoires de l'innovation "durable": des milieux locaux à la communication "responsable". Les cas du photovoltaïque et de la finance durable en Suisse occidentale," GRET Publications and Working Papers 05-12, GRET Group of Research in Territorial Economy, University of Neuchâtel.
    6. Christian Livi & Hugues Jeannerat & Olivier Crevoisier, 2013. "Mobility of Knowledge. The Photovoltaic Industry in Western Switzerland : The Emergence of a Multi-Local Valuation Milieu," GRET Publications and Working Papers 04-13, GRET Group of Research in Territorial Economy, University of Neuchâtel.
    7. Thierry Theurillat, 2011. "La ville négociée : entre financiarisation et durabilité," Géographie, économie, société, Lavoisier, vol. 13(3), pages 225-254.
    8. Thierry Theurillat & Olivier Crevoisier, 2013. "The Sustainability of a Financialized Urban Megaproject: The Case of Sihlcity in Zurich," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(6), pages 2052-2073, November.

    More about this item


    Finance Industry; Territorial Economy; Swiss Pension Funds;

    JEL classification:

    • G0 - Financial Economics - - General
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • L0 - Industrial Organization - - General
    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics


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