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High-Skilled Immigration, STEM Employment, and Non-Routine-Biased Technical Change

Listed author(s):
  • Nir Jaimovich
  • Henry E. Siu

We study the role of foreign-born workers in the growth of employment in STEM occupations since 1980. Given the importance of employment in these fields for research and innovation, we consider their role in a model featuring endogenous non-routine-biased technical change. We use this model to quantify the impact of high-skilled immigration, and the increasing tendency of such immigrants to work in innovation, on the pace of non-routine-biased technical change, the polarization of employment opportunities, and the evolution of wage inequality since 1980.

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File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w23185.pdf
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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 23185.

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Date of creation: Feb 2017
Publication status: Forthcoming: High-Skilled Immigration, STEM Employment, and Non-Routine-Biased Technical Change , Nir Jaimovich, Henry E. Siu. in High-Skilled Migration to the United States and its Economic Consequences , Hanson, Kerr, and Turner. 2016
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:23185
Note: EFG LS
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  1. Maarten Goos & Alan Manning, 2003. "Lousy and Lovely Jobs: the Rising Polarization of Work in Britain," CEP Discussion Papers dp0604, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. William R. Kerr & William F. Lincoln, 2010. "The Supply Side of Innovation: H-1B Visa Reforms and U.S. Ethnic Invention," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(3), pages 473-508, 07.
  3. Giovanni Peri, 2009. "The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from US States," NBER Working Papers 15507, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Guido Matias Cortes & Nir Jaimovich & Christopher J. Nekarda & Henry E. Siu, 2014. "The Micro and Macro of Disappearing Routine Jobs: A Flows Approach," NBER Working Papers 20307, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Gauthier-Loiselle, Marjolaine & Hunt, Jennifer, 2009. "How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?," CEPR Discussion Papers 7116, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William R. Kerr & William F. Lincoln, 2012. "Skilled Immigration and the Employment Structures of U.S. Firms," NBER Chapters, in: US High-Skilled Immigration in the Global Economy, pages 147-186 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. David H. Autor & David Dorn & Gordon H. Hanson, 2013. "Untangling Trade and Technology: Evidence from Local Labor Markets," NBER Working Papers 18938, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Gordon H. Hanson & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2016. "High-Skilled Immigration and the Rise of STEM Occupations in U.S. Employment," NBER Working Papers 22623, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Caselli, Francesco, 2015. "Experience-Biased Technical Change," CEPR Discussion Papers 10752, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Firpo, Sergio & Fortin, Nicole M. & Lemieux, Thomas, 2011. "Occupational Tasks and Changes in the Wage Structure," IZA Discussion Papers 5542, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. David H. Autor & Frank Levy & Richard J. Murnane, 2003. "The Skill Content of Recent Technological Change: An Empirical Exploration," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 118(4), pages 1279-1333.
  12. Nir Jaimovich & Henry E. Siu, 2012. "The Trend is the Cycle: Job Polarization and Jobless Recoveries," NBER Working Papers 18334, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Hunt, Jennifer, 2010. "Which Immigrants Are Most Innovative and Entrepreneurial: Distinctions by Entry Visa," CEPR Discussion Papers 7699, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Peri, Giovanni & Sparber, Chad, 2010. "Highly-Educated Immigrants and Native Occupational Choice," Working Papers 2010-09, Department of Economics, Colgate University.
  16. Giovanni Peri & Kevin Shih & Chad Sparber, 2015. "STEM Workers, H-1B Visas, and Productivity in US Cities," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(S1), pages 225-255.
  17. William R. Kerr, 2014. "U.S. High-Skilled Immigration, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: Empirical Approaches and Evidence," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 16, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division.
  18. Maarten Goos & Alan Manning & Anna Salomons, 2014. "Explaining Job Polarization: Routine-Biased Technological Change and Offshoring," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(8), pages 2509-2526, August.
  19. Jaewon Jung & Jean Mercenier, 2014. "Routinization-Biased Technical Change And Globalization: Understanding Labor Market Polarization," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 52(4), pages 1446-1465, October.
  20. Guido Matias Cortes & Nir Jaimovich & Henry E. Siu, 2016. "Disappearing Routine Jobs: Who, How, and Why?," NBER Working Papers 22918, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  21. repec:uwp:jhriss:v:8:y:1973:i:4:p:436-455 is not listed on IDEAS
  22. Francesco Caselli, 2014. "Experience-biased Technical Change," Discussion Papers 1517, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM), revised Jul 2015.
  23. Maarten Goos & Alan Manning, 2003. "Lousy and lovely jobs: the rising polarization of work in Britain," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20002, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  24. Maarten Goos & Alan Manning & Anna Salomons, 2014. "Explaining job polarization: routine-biased technological change and offshoring," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 59698, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  25. Chiswick, Barry R. & Taengnoi, Sarinda, 2007. "Occupational Choice of High Skilled Immigrants in the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 2969, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  26. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
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