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Towards a System of Open Cities in China: Home Prices, FDI Flows and Air Quality in 35 Major Cities

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  • Siqi Zheng
  • Matthew E. Kahn
  • Hongyu Liu

Abstract

Over the last thirty years, China's major cities have experienced significant income and population growth. Much of this growth has been fueled by urban production spurred by world demand. Using a unique cross-city panel data set, we test several hypotheses concerning the relationship between home prices, wages, foreign direct investment and ambient air pollution across major Chinese cities. Home prices are lower in cities with higher ambient pollution levels. Cities featuring higher per-capita FDI flows have lower pollution levels.

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  • Siqi Zheng & Matthew E. Kahn & Hongyu Liu, 2009. "Towards a System of Open Cities in China: Home Prices, FDI Flows and Air Quality in 35 Major Cities," NBER Working Papers 14751, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14751
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. China's Future Green Cities
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-12-02 22:10:00
    2. China Goes Green?
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2011-04-02 07:20:00
    3. The Income Elasticity of Demand for a High Quality Toliet
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2010-10-02 21:21:00
    4. Is Urban Air Pollution in China Rising?
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2010-07-29 20:18:00
    5. If Beijing and Shanghai Are Too Expensive for Young Men to Buy Homes then New Cities will Thrive --- Phoenix Revisited
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2010-06-22 08:45:00
    6. The Overeducated Chinese Young Person?
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2010-03-09 03:29:00
    7. Urbanization and Economic Development
      by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2012-06-11 03:13:00
    8. “Green People Power” in China
      by Matthew E. Kahn in The Reality-Based Community on 2012-10-29 03:09:57
    9. My Harvard Business Review Blog Piece on China's Bullet Trains and a History of My Economic Thought About China
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2013-04-08 20:50:00
    10. Exploring Green Cities in China
      by Matthew Kahn in Urbanization Project on 2013-04-10 04:17:09
    11. News from India and Nashville
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2014-12-05 21:41:00
    12. Applied Environmental and Urban Economics Research at RSUE
      by Matthew Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2014-12-10 08:19:00

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Qiu & Maung, Min & Shi, Yulin & Wilson, Craig, 2014. "Foreign direct investment concessions and environmental levies in China," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 241-250.
    2. Agarwal, Sumit & Deng, Yongheng & Li, Teng, 2019. "Environmental regulation as a double-edged sword for housing markets: Evidence from the NOx Budget Trading Program," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 286-309.
    3. Chris Brooks & Matthew Lamport & Kesseven Padachi & Vinesh Sannassee & Keshav Seetah & Boopen Seetanah, 2017. "The Impact of Foreign Real Estate Investment on Land Prices: Evidence from Mauritius," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(4), pages 131-146, November.
    4. Wu, Guiying Laura & Feng, Qu & Li, Pei, 2015. "Does local governments’ budget deficit push up housing prices in China?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 183-196.
    5. Li, Victor Jing & Cheng, Andy Wui Wing & Cheong, Tsun Se, 2017. "Home purchase restriction and housing price: A distribution dynamics analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 1-10.
    6. Chien-Chiang Lee & Chi-Chuan Lee & Chun-Ping Chang, 2015. "Globalization, Economic Growth and Institutional Development in China," Global Economic Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(1), pages 31-63, March.
    7. Yunlong Gong & Peter Boelhouwer & Jan de Haan, 2016. "Interurban house price gradient: Effect of urban hierarchy distance on house prices," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 53(15), pages 3317-3335, November.
    8. Siqi Zheng & Jing Cao & Matthew E. Kahn, 2011. "China's Rising Demand for "Green Cities": Evidence from Cross-City Real Estate Price Hedonics," NBER Working Papers 16992, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Zheng, Siqi & Kahn, Matthew E. & Sun, Weizeng & Luo, Danglun, 2014. "Incentives for China's urban mayors to mitigate pollution externalities: The role of the central government and public environmentalism," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 61-71.
    10. Funke, Michael & Leiva-Leon, Danilo & Tsang, Andrew, 2019. "Mapping China’s time-varying house price landscape," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).
    11. Chen, Jie & Hu, Mingzhi & Lin, Zhenguo, 2019. "Does housing unaffordability crowd out elites in Chinese superstar cities?," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 1-1.
    12. Chen, Dengke & Chen, Shiyi, 2017. "Particulate air pollution and real estate valuation: Evidence from 286 Chinese prefecture-level cities over 2004–2013," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 884-897.
    13. Dan S. Rickman, 2014. "Assessing Regional Quality of Life: A Call for Action in Regional Science," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 44(1), pages 1-12, Spring.
    14. Zhang, Chuanguo & Zhou, Xiangxue, 2016. "Does foreign direct investment lead to lower CO2 emissions? Evidence from a regional analysis in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 943-951.
    15. Huang, Daisy J. & Leung, Charles K. & Qu, Baozhi, 2015. "Do bank loans and local amenities explain Chinese urban house prices?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 19-38.
    16. Demena, Binyam Afewerk & Afesorgbor, Sylvanus Kwaku, 2020. "The effect of FDI on environmental emissions: Evidence from a meta-analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 138(C).
    17. Iris Claus & Les Oxley & Siqi Zheng & Cong Sun & Ye Qi & Matthew E. Kahn, 2014. "The Evolving Geography Of China'S Industrial Production: Implications For Pollution Dynamics And Urban Quality Of Life," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(4), pages 709-724, September.
    18. Liu, Yiming & Hao, Yu & Gao, Yixuan, 2017. "The environmental consequences of domestic and foreign investment: Evidence from China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 271-280.
    19. Solarin, Sakiru Adebola & Al-Mulali, Usama & Musah, Ibrahim & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2017. "Investigating the pollution haven hypothesis in Ghana: An empirical investigation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 706-719.
    20. Hassan Fereidouni Gholipour, 2013. "The effect of foreign real estate investments on house prices: evidence from emerging economies," International Journal of Strategic Property Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1), pages 32-43, March.
    21. Siqi Zheng & Matthew E. Kahn, 2013. "Understanding China's Urban Pollution Dynamics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 51(3), pages 731-772, September.
    22. Rafiq, Shuddhasattwa & Nielsen, Ingrid & Smyth, Russell, 2017. "Effect of internal migration on the environment in China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 31-44.
    23. Wen Jun & Muhammad Zakaria & Syed Jawad Hussain Shahzad & Hamid Mahmood, 2018. "Effect of FDI on Pollution in China: New Insights Based on Wavelet Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-20, October.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets

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