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Adolescent Health, Family Background, and Preventive Medical Care

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  • Linda N. Edwards
  • Michael Grossman

Abstract

This paper investigates the health of white adolescents, focusing particularly on the roles of family background and preventive medical care. This emphasis is motivated in part by our desire to study adolescent health in the context of the nature-nurture controversy. The findings indicate first, that family characteristics (especially mother's schooling) do have a significant impact on adolescent health and second, that preventive care is an important vehicle for this impact in the case of dental health hut not in the ease of physical health measures. Similarly, the greater availability of dentists has a positive impact on dental health, but greater availability of pediatricians does not alter the physical health measures. On the basis of these results we predict that government efforts to improve the dental health of adolescents with policies to lower the cost of dental care or increase the availability of dentists are much more likely to be successful than similar policies directed at improving their physical health.

Suggested Citation

  • Linda N. Edwards & Michael Grossman, 1979. "Adolescent Health, Family Background, and Preventive Medical Care," NBER Working Papers 0398, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:0398
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Becker, Gary S, 1974. "A Theory of Social Interactions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1063-1093, Nov.-Dec..
    2. Yoram Ben-Porath & Finis Welch, 1976. "Do Sex Preferences Really Matter?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 90(2), pages 285-307.
    3. Becker, Gary S & Lewis, H Gregg, 1973. "On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages 279-288, Part II, .
    4. Ann D. Colle & Michael Grossman, 1979. "Determinants of Pediatric Care Utilization," NBER Working Papers 0240, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Robert P. Inman, 1976. "The Family Provision of Children's Health: An Economic Analysis," NBER Chapters,in: The Role of Health Insurance in the Health Services Sector, pages 215-260 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Michael Grossman, 1976. "The Correlation between Health and Schooling," NBER Chapters,in: Household Production and Consumption, pages 147-224 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Goldman, Fred & Grossman, Michael, 1978. "The Demand for Pediatric Care: An Hedonic Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(2), pages 259-280, April.
    8. Michael Grossman, 1972. "The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gros72-1.
    9. Linda N. Edwards & Michael Grossman, 1980. "The Relationship Between Children's Health and Intellectual Development," NBER Working Papers 0213, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1971:61:4:763-775_3 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Hu, Teh-Wei, 1973. "Effectiveness of child health and welfare programs: A simultaneous equations approach," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 7(6), pages 705-721, December.
    12. Linda N. Edwards & Michael Grossman, 1978. "Children's Health and the Family," NBER Working Papers 0256, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Robert A. Shakotko & Michael Grossman, 1982. "Physical Disabilities and Post-secondary Educational Choices," NBER Chapters,in: Economic Aspects of Health, pages 185-202 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Robert Kaestner & Michael Grossman & Benjamin Yarnoff, 2011. "Effects of Weight on Adolescent Educational Attainment," NBER Chapters,in: Economic Aspects of Obesity, pages 283-313 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Grossman, Michael, 1982. "Government and Health Outcomes," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(2), pages 191-195, May.
    4. Robert A. Shakotko & Michael Grossman, 1980. "Physical Disabilities and Post-Secondary Educational Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 0609, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Alexander J. Cowell, 2006. "The relationship between education and health behavior: some empirical evidence," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 125-146.
    6. Kabir Dasgupta & Keisha T.-Solomon, 2017. "Family Size Effects on Child Health: Evidence on the Quantity-Quality Trade-off using the NLSY," Working Papers 2017-04 JEL Classificatio, Auckland University of Technology, Department of Economics.
    7. Kaestner, Robert & Grossman, Michael, 2009. "Effects of weight on children's educational achievement," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 651-661, December.
    8. Robert A. Shakotko & Linda N. Edwards & Michael Grossman, 1980. "An Exploration of the Dynamic Relationship between Health and Cognitive Development in Adolescence," NBER Working Papers 0454, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. repec:eee:ehbiol:v:26:y:2017:i:c:p:51-60 is not listed on IDEAS

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